Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Contributed by: Diane Siniard

Name: Jeremy Francis Gilmer 
State Served: North Carolina  
Highest Rank: Major-Gen  
Birth Date: 1818 
Death Date: 1883 
Birth Place: Guilford County, North Carolina 
Army: Confederacy  
Promotions: Promoted to Full Colonel
Promoted to Full Brig-Gen
Promoted to Full Major-Gen  
Biography: GILMER, Jeremy Francis

Lieutenant colonel, Corps of Engineers, C. S. A., 1861.

Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., 1862.

Major general, P. A. C. S., August 16, 1863.

Died December 1, 1883.


January 29, 1862, Chief Engineer in Department No. 2.

Chief Engineer Department of Northern Virginia, August 4,

October 4, assigned to duty as Chief of Engineer Bureau.

1863. Assigned to duty in connection with the defense of
Charleston and announced as second in command of Department of
South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

February 23, 1864, assigned temporary and special service
in District of the Gulf, Department of Tennessee.

April 2, relieved from duty in Department of South
Carolina, Georgia and Florida, and ordered to resume his
duties as Chief of the Bureau of Engineers.

Gilmer, Jeremy Francis, born in North Carolina, appointed
from North Carolina cadet United States Military Academy, July
1, 1835; graduated fourth in class of thirty-one.

Second lieutenant, engineers, July 1, 1839.

First lieutenant, December 29, 1845.

Captain, July 1, 1853.

Resigned June 26, 1861.

Source: General Officers of the Confederate States of America

Major-General Jeremy Francis Gilmer was born in Guilford
county, N. C., February 23, 1818. He was graduated at the
United States military academy in 1839, number four in the
class of which General Halleck was third.

Receiving a second lieutenancy of engineers, he served in the
military academy as assistant professor of engineering till
June, 1840, and then as assistant engineer in building Fort
Schuyler, New York harbor, until 1844, after which he was
assistant to the chief engineer at Washington, D. C., until
1846, with promotion to first lieutenant in 1845.

During the Mexican war he was chief engineer of the army of
the West in New Mexico, constructing Fort Marcy at Santa Fe.
He afterward served at Washington, and was superintending
engineer of the repairs to various forts and the building of
Forts Jackson and Pulaski, Georgia, and of the improvement of
the Savannah river.

In consideration of his continuous service of fourteen years,
he was promoted captain, July 1, 1853. After this, as a
member of various commissions of engineers, he was continually
engaged in fortification work, and the improvement of rivers
throughout the South until 1858.

From that time he was in charge of the construction of
defenses at the entrance of San Francisco bay until June 29,
1861, when he resigned to join the Confederate States army.

He was commissioned lieutenant-colonel, corps of engineers,
CSA., in September, 1861, and was assigned to duty as chief
engineer of Department No. 2, on the staff of Gen. Albert

Sidney Johnston. He was present at Fort Henry at its
surrender, and rode to the front with General Johnston at the
opening of the battle of Shiloh. Here he was severely wounded
late on the second day.

Subsequently he was promoted to brigadier-general, and on
August 4, 1862, was made chief engineer of the department of
Northern Virginia. October 4, 1862, he became chief of the
engineer bureau of the Confederate States war department. In
1863 he was promoted major-general and assigned to duty as
second in command, in the department of South Carolina,
Georgia and Florida, in which capacity he rendered valuable
services in the defense of Charleston, and fortified Atlanta.

Subsequently he resumed his duties as chief engineer, and so
continued until the evacuation of Richmond.

After the war he engaged in railroad and other enterprises in
Georgia, and from 1867 to 1883 was president and engineer of
the Savannah gaslight company. He died December 1, 1883.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. V, p. 309

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