Chicamauga


    These pages are dedicated to the memory of all the men from North Carolina that fought in the Civil War.



    
    
    North Carolina Standard
    Raleigh
    October 14, 1863
    
    Chicamauga
    
    A band of heroes constitute McNairís Brigade.  It is composed of the 1st, 2nd, and 4th 
    Arkansas dismounted cavalry and the 21st and 31st Arkansas infantry, the 4th 
    Arkansas battalion and the 39th North Carolina under Col. Coleman.  
    
    On Saturday, the first day of the battle of Chicamauga, this brigade was ordered to 
    support General Greggís command on the left of Hoodís Division.  Gregg was holding 
    his position with great difficulty against tremendous odds.  When they were ordered 
    to advance, McNairís brigade rushed over Greggís columns, the 39th N.C. and the 
    25th Arkansas being led by Col. Coleman.  The Yankees gave way, but in good order 
    and were driven in less than ĺ of a mile.  General Gregg pronounced this charge one 
    of the most brilliant achievements of the day.  A Yankee regiment was encountered, 
    and the 39th N.C. and the 25th Arkansas almost annihilated.
    
    These two skeleton regiments halted once to await support but not receiving it advanced 
    through the woods and into the open cornfield where their own weakness and the strength 
    of the Federal line became apparent.  Colemanís command, having exhausted their
    ammunition, withdrew to Greggís line of battle and camped for the night.
    
    In the great battle of Sunday, McNairís Brigade were on the left next to Hoodís Division 
    lying behind an imperfect breastwork of fallen trees.  A strong line of the enemy 
    advanced upon them.  They were received with a destructive fire and falling back were 
    charged by McNairís Brigade and driven in confusion over two lines of breast works 
    into the open fields.  
    
    On a hill, two Yankee batteries commanded the whole of the open space.  Just before 
    his men entered this broad field, General McNair was wounded.  The gallant Col. 
    Harper of the 1st Arkansas was killed and the command of the brigade devolved upon 
    Col. Coleman.  
    
    The brigade now diverged to the right and under Col. Colemanís leadership captured 
    both batteries.  Eight of the pieces were at once taken to the rear and the other two 
    were afterwards removed.  General Bragg gave Col. Coleman an order for three of 
    those guns to be attached to his command.
    
    These batteries were supported by a very strong Federal force but McNairís brigade 
    charged so rapidly, loading and firing as they went that the Yankees were surprised 
    and routed.  The assault is said to have been ferocious and the victory complete.
    
    The Federal artillerists fought better than their infantry support, actually throwing shot 
    and shell with their hands into the faces of our men when they could no longer load 
    their pieces.  The two batteries captured were about 100 yards apart and when the 
    guns were captured our men were compelled to move off with the utmost rapidity.
    
    Col. Coleman was the first to place his hands upon a Federal field piece and the 
    honor of the 39th N.C. was unfurled above them.  Lt. Col. Reynolds and Adjutant 
    J.D. Hardin were just behind Col. Coleman when he reached the Federal guns.  
    Hardin was shot through the neck during the afternoon when the brigade had fallen 
    back to our lines and obtained supplies and ammunition. It was again ordered 
    forward to a height on the left to support Robinsonís battery on the Lookout Valley 
    Road.  With Johnsonís brigade and Hindmanís Division on the right and Manigaultís 
    on the left, Col. Coleman advanced to the closing fight of the day.  
    
    By successive charges, the enemy were driven slowly but steadily form the chain of 
    hills which formed his position and the battle closed.  Two hours of day light and this 
    portion of Rosecransí army would have been annihilated.  The loss in the brigade of 
    killed and wounded was about 40%.  The 39th N.C. opened the fight with 238 men 
    and lost over 100.  Of the whole brigade there are left about 800 men.  Col. 
    Colemanís coat was pierced by a ball but he was unharmed.
    
    Camp of the 58th N.C. upon the Battlefield of Chicamauga
    September 21, 1863
    Mr. Editor:
    The terrific struggle is over and the enemy flying.  The 58th N.C. have participated and 
    nobly, in carrying their last and strongest position.  From 3:00 this regiment, a 5th 
    Kentucky and a 63rd Virginia have been striving in deadly conflict with the foe.  We 
    have finally succeeded in carrying the heights and capturing Colonels Carlton 
    Leferne and Glen with over 500 other officers and men but at a fearful loss in killed 
    and wounded to this regiment of more than half the number who entered into the 
    action.  Lt. Col. Edmund Kirby fell dead, pierced by four balls while nobly filling his 
    position.  He was a son of the late Col. Reynold Kirby of the old army, a young 
    officer of great promise and one to whom the regiment was warmly attached.  
    A brave, generous, noble hearted man and an able officer has fallen.  Eben Childs, 
    a youth not yet 18 years old, son of Col. L.D. Childs formerly of Lincolnton now at 
    Columbia, S.C., was also killed while exhibiting the greatest gallantry.  He was a 
    noble youth.  George W. Preston, commanding a division, to who his appreciation 
    of our efforts has presented to the brigade for the regimental color guards eight 
    splendid Coltís revolving rifles.  The 39th, 29th, and 60th North Carolina were also 
    engaged in this great battle and nobly aided in upholding the military fame of the 
    North Carolina Troops.  A list of the killed and wounded follows.
    Field and Staff
    Col. J.B. Palmer, wounded slightly
    Lt. Col. Edmund Kirby, killed
    Major T.J. Dula, severely wounded
    Acting Adjutant J.H. Horton, wounded slightly
    
    Company A
    Killed:  Lt. John W. Wiseman, Sgt. Samuel A. Poteete, Corp. William McBee, Ptes. 
    Theron J. Sherwood, Jeremiah Martin, Joshua Keller, Ambrose Sigman, D.M.C. Falls, 
    William L. Pheifer
    Wounded:  Lt. William H. Wiseman, Sgt. Josiah J. Wise, Ptes. Levi Franklin, 
    William Tully, and Daniel Washburn, slightly; Avery Autry and Franklin Beddix, 
    mortally; Henry Gillespie, Ambrose Boughman, John Hufman, Jas. Holifield, 
    William Burlison(?), slightly, John C. Hogan, mortally
    
    Company B
    Killed:  Corp. Thomas G. Tipton, Ptes. William F. Bradshaw, Mordicai(?) Febnary(?)
    Wounded:  Capt. Isaac H. Railey, slightly, Lt. James W. Putnam, mortally, Corp. 
    Berry Steward, slightly, Drummer Christianbery Phillips, mortally, Corp. Jno Stephens, 
    Ptes. Sanders Edwards, Alfred Brooks, Jno. Brooks, slightly
    
    Company C
    Killed:  Ptes. Wyatt Woody and Jas. A. Gemerson
    Wounded:  Lt. William M. Austin and Ptes. Edward Roberson, John C. Roberson, 
    mortally; Ptes. John L. Holcombe, James T. Fox, Morgan Roberson, Leroy C. Ray, 
    slightly, Jas. E. McCanles, mortally
    
    Company D
    Wounded:  Corpls. Jno. W. Dugger, Wesley W. Presnell, slightly, Ptes. Braxton Cox,
    mortally, Anderson Grogan, Larkin Townson, John W. Beach, slightly, Joel Townson, 
    severely, Michael Roland, Miles Townson, slightly
    
    Company E
    Killed:  Ptes. David M. Lofton, William N. Penley, Gaston Wood
    Wounded:  Corp. William Carrel, Ptes. Jesse Pearcy, Larkin German, William German, 
    Daniel Phillips, Newton Sudderth, mortally, William H. Edminston, David M. Lanear, 
    Jos. Hartly, Jas. Powell, Jas. Taylor, William Coffey, O.C. Collet, Rufus Pritchard, 
    Sgt. M.E. Thomson, Sgt. D.D. Caffey, Corpl. J.T.A. Spencer, slightly
    Missing:  Pte. Daniel Gregg(?) Grogg(?)
    
    Company F
    Killed:  Lt. Jas. D. Morrison, Ptes. Samuel M. Reed (or Read), Fermenter(?) Morgan, 
    George B. Harvey (Carvey?), Henry F. Gibson, Johnson Jones, David Epley, 
    Henry Wilson
    Wounded:  Capt. C. (or O.?) Conley, Sgts. Jno. L. Dobson, R.H. Siske (or Shake?), 
    Corp. A.D. Murphy, Ptes. Marion Siske (or Shake?), Samuel C. Jarrett, Daniel Jarrett, 
    Jas. McGahay, Wilson F. Gibbs, E.J. Hall, slightly, Samuel B. Fulwood, 
    Charles M. Elliott, Robert V. Patton, mortally
    
    Company G
    Wounded:  Cornelius R. Byrd, mortally, Sgt. William Norris, slightly, Sgt.
     John W. Phipps, Corp. Jesse Gentry, Ptes. William McKinney, Isaac L. Crowder, 
    George W. Huneycutt, mortally, William Angus, Payton Phillips, Holloway Gentry, 
    William F. Hampton, Smith Holeman, slightly
    
    Company H
    Killed:  Corp. Robert M. Smith, Pte. D.M. Palmer, Henry Fincannon, Levi Hullihan, 
    Eben Childs
    Wounded:  Sgt. E.H. Crump, mortally, Sgt. J.P. Smith, slightly, Ptes. William 
    Bradshaw, A. (or B. or D.?) Craig, mortally, Jas. A. Fincannon, slightly, Hiram H. 
    Crisp, George W. Bumgarner, mortally, Robert Gilleland, D.A. Griffie(?) Griffin(?), 
    Johnson L. Craig, George Palmer, Erwin Coffy, John W. Fincannon, William H. Crisp, 
    slightly
    
    Company I
    Killed:  Sgt. Eggers, Ptes. Jno. H. Wilson, George L. Smith
    Wounded:  Lt. J.C. McGhee, Ptes. Calvin Miller, William Proffit, William Cook and 
    Lemuel Wilson
    
    Company K
    Killed:  Pte. Benjamin Willis(?)
    Wounded:  Sgt. Edmond Silver, Sgt. James Green, slightly, Ptes. Phillip Duncan, 
    Daston C. Clark, mortally, Henry Bartlett, Jno. B. Buchanan, William M. Buchanan, 
    Jas. M. Buchanan, slightly
    
    Company L
    Killed:  Ptes. Thornton Pennington, Memoch Jones, James Cole
    Wounded:  Sgt. Edward Blevins, slightly, Corp. Jacob A. Calloway, Ptes. Eli C. Parker, 
    David F. Cole, mortally, Jno. Blevins, Montgomery Barker, Thomas C. Barker, 
    Rufus Wood, Moses Harvell, Mumford Farrington, Sanders M. Fowler, slightly
    
    


    Transcribed by Christine Spencer, April, 2007

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