Military Information, Formations and News April-June, 1861

    These pages are dedicated to the memory of all the men from North Carolina that fought in the Civil War.

    Military Information, Formations and News
    April-June, 1861
    Inscribed to R.W.W.—A Volunteer, from his friend Carrie
    Go dearest, go! My prayer shall be
    (Though absence wring this throbbing heart)
    That thou may’st safe return to me,
    Thy home and friends, and ne’er again depart
    Go seek the foe—the country’s rights defend
    To fate’s decree I humbly bend;
    Adieu! And when in lands afar
    May honor ever prove thy leading star!
    North Carolina Standard, May 15, 1861
    North Carolina Standard
    April 24, 1861
    A new company called the Raleigh Rifles was organized on Friday night last, 
    the company consists of 84.  Capt. William H. Harrison was chosen captain, Hon. 
    Sion H. Rogers was first lieutenant, Daniel G. Fowle was second lieutenant, Jo. 
    Jones third lieutenant, Q. Busbee Quartermaster.  The company will be tendered 
    to the governor.
    The Oak City Guards, Capt. High, now numbers some 40 men.  We understand 
    that this company will soon be filled up and tendered to the governor.
    An artillery company has also been formed.  Stephen D. Ramseur of Lincoln, late 
    of the U.S. Army, has been chosen captain; Basil Manly and W. J. Saunders first 
    lieutenants; B.B.Guion and Thomas Bridges second lieutenants; Phil Sasser 
    Orderly Sergeant; 1st Sgt. Rufus H. Whitaker; 2nd Sgt. F.H. Seawell; 3rd Sgt. 
    W.H. Laughter; 4th Sgt. P.C. Powell; 1st Corp. R.D. Spikes; 2nd Corp. F. Beavers; 
    3rd Corp. R. Butler; 4th Corp. Jas. McKinnon, Jr.
    The names of the artillerymen are as follows:
    W. J. Saunders, P.H. Sasser, B.C. Manly, B.B Guion, J. Q. De Carteret, James 
    McKimmon, Jr., J.D. Iredell, Cad. J. Iredell, George M. Whiting, Charles C. Lovejoy, 
    Thomas P. Bridgers, W.H. Laughter, Jas. D. Newsom, G.E.B. Singletary, T.C. Curry, 
    H.C. Selter, Jas. S. Harward, R.W. Smith, W.E. Pell, Jr., Rufus Whitaker, 
    Jas. M. Rayster, Charles E. Harward, S. Lane Hayman, W.G. Wheliss, R. Butler, 
    Robert Lassiter, F.G. Beavers, Robert Kimbrel, Thomas P. Chisman, Jr., 
    P.C. Powell, W.J. Stanford, R.D. Spikes, Henry Finch, M. Caudle, W.Y. Evans, 
    F.H. Seawell, Thomas Hill, William Williams, V.W. Williams, J.S. Brinkley, 
    J.H. Morring, N.A. Dunn, H.C. Graham, W.D. Thompson, Thomas Jeffrey, 
    J.C. Medley, Samuel Whitaker, Louis Powers, S. Taylor, D. Pierce, N.W. West, 
    W.B. Allen
    At a meeting of the Home Guards on Saturday night, the following men were chosen:  
    Hon. Thomas Bragg, Capt.; Major S.E. Phillips, 1st Lt.; P.F .Pescud, 2nd Lt.; 
    W.R. Richardson, 3rd lt.; Col. C.W.D. Hutchings, Orderly Sgt.; Rev. Aldert Smedes, 
    Chaplin; Dr. C.E. Johnson, Surgeon.  The officers were appointed a committee on 
    uniforms and arms.  The names of the members are as follows—
    The undersigned agree to unite in forming a military company for the protection of the 
    city of Raleigh and its immediate vicinity; when sixty names are hereto subscribed 
    all of whom shall be either heads of families or men too far advanced in life for active 
    service in the regular army and of steady and moral habits:
    P.F. Pescud, L.S. Perry, A.M. Gorman, Thomas Braggs, W.R. Richardson, 
    C.W.D. Hutchings, William Grimes(?), A.M. Lewis, John G. Williams, 
    L. O’B. Branch, D.M. Barringer, A. Williams, John H. Bryan, William R. Cox, 
    R.M. Jones, M.A. Bledson, E. Burke Haywood, Thomas E. Skinner, W.F. Askew, 
    William R. Andrews, W.D. Johnson, W.W. Vass, James M. Pool, Rufus H. Page, 
    A. Creech, H.A. Depkin, J.J. James, Willie J. Palmer, J. Devereux, C. Dewey, 
    George W. Mordecai, Thomas H. Briggs, A. Kline, John W. Syme, Everard Hall, 
    John Armstrong, Jacob Scheib, L.E. Hearit(?) Heartt(?), M. Grausman, 
    W. Watson, M.B. Royster, John Spelman, Robert Dobbin, Charles Kuester, 
    B.J. Perkinson, J.M. Perkinson, John C. Palmer, C.B. Harrison, T.M. McGee, 
    Ebeneezer Emmons, S.H. Young, R.E. Maddox, E. Hunt, John King, Henry Kelm, 
    W.J. Young, Samuel E. Phillips, Jas. McKimmon, J.D. Royster, W.J. Griffin, 
    B.F. Moore, Patrick Ferrell, R.R. Hudnall, G.F. Hanson, John Hopkins, John Myatt,
     William Upchurch, Wesley Jones, George Little, S. Smith, Reuben M------, 
    E.C. Fisher, Frederick Fitzgerald, E.B. Freeman, Charles E. Johnson, 
    Aldert Smedes, H.W. Husted, B. Andrews, William E. Pell, James M. Harris, 
    J.J. Christophers, Joseph M. Atkinson, R.M. Andrews, William White, 
    James M. Towles, J.W. Tucker, John Mounder, George W. Haywood, T.H. Selby, 
    W.C. Upchurch, E.M. Faun, John Mitchell, W.J.W. Crowder(?), Charles Manley, 
    A.P. Woodall, Jeff. Fisher, P.H. Winston, J.M. Lovejoy, James B. Shepard, 
    J. Brown, Wm .Yearley, O.(?) L. Burch, J.J. Lansdell, D.L. Royster, P. McGowan, 
    R.M. Saunders, J. Harton, H. Porter, J.T. Williamson, S.H. Parish, W.D. Hackney, 
    James Dodd, J.C. Fleming, Harris Vaughn, F.K. Strather, Joseph Kreth, 
    Talbot Ligon, W.W. Holden, M.A. Pendergast, W.D. Williams, N.S. Harp, 
    A. Hardie, John Ray, Jr., E. Smith, Benson F. Jones, J.R. Rinn (Renn?),
    H.J. Brown, Albert Price, Jos. Betts, Calvin Marcom, W.H. Jones, T.H. Snow, 
    Alfred Upchurch, James Ferrell, D.C. Dudley
    Raleigh, April 16, 1861
    The Raleigh Cadets were mustered for the first time Saturday evening by Capt. 
    R.S. Tucker.  The following are the names of the “boys” who have organized in the 
    defense of their native land.
    Theo Snow, Henry P. Phillips, John S. Pescud, William Stromach (Strenach?), 
    Thomas N. Ramsey, Charles M. Busbee, G.W. Fentress, J.R. Little, E.(?) F. Page, 
    R.F. Jones, J.G. Bagwell, J.J. Wilson, W.J. Royster, James Andrews, A.S. Bagwell, 
    S.H. Whitaker, R. Hodge, G.W. Perry, W.A. Price, Charles B. Harris, W. Jones, 
    C.F. Reid, J.J. Rhodes, Telfair(?) Hall, T.W. Sadler, T.T. Fentress, W. Thomas Lee, 
    H.J. Lovejoy, R. McGowan, G.D. Miller, C. McKimmon, Edward Baxter, 
    John H. Terry, Henry M. Harris, W.H. Bledsoe, J.D. Primrose, S. Henry Briggs, 
    H. Bragg, G. Little, W.H. Whitaker, C. Hutchings, G.H. Snow, D.W. Upchurch, 
    W.D. Thompson, George L. Tonnefski(?), Henry Pleasants
    We notice the arrival in our town of Walter A. Thompson of Orange, one of the 
    gallant soldiers who fought at Buena Vista under Jefferson Davis.  He had started 
    to join his old company, the Holly Springs (Miss.) Rifles at Pensacola but 
    stopped here in the hopes that he might serve his native state.  Wil. Herald
    North Carolina Standard
    May 1, 1861
    Troops from all parts of the state continue to pour in.  Since our last issue, the 
    Halifax Co, Capt Pope; the Columbus Guards, Capt. Ellis; the Thomasville Rifles, 
    Capt. Miller; The Duplin Rifles, Capt. Kenan(?); the Orange Light Infantry, 
    Capt. Ashe; a company from Rutherford; a company from Robeson, 
    Capt. Normont; the Milton Blues, Capt. Mitchell; and the Charlotte Cadets have 
    arrived.  Some 20 or 30 companies are expected this week.  We learn that 
    C.F. Fisher, Esq., of Rowan is engaged in raising a regiment.  Another company 
    has been formed in Wake and tendered to the governor. It is a company of infantry, 
    R.W. York captain.  Mr. York, like the true patriot he is, ahs suspended his school 
    and taken the field at the head of his company.  Some 15 of his students belong to it.
    North Carolina Standard
    May 8, 1861
    The Independent Company of this town was mustered on Tuesday morning according 
    to previous orders.  With knapsacks on their backs and all other equipment ready for 
    starting for Raleigh, orders came to remain here for the present.  They immediately 
    went into camp about two miles from town.  This mornings mail brought a renewal 
    of the former order and they will leave here today at 2:00 pm in the steamer Hurt for 
    Wilmington, thence by railroad to Raleigh tomorrow.  It is said that this company 
    and the Lafayette Company of this town are to be incorporated in the First Regiment 
    recently organized.  The following is a list of the officers and men as mustered for 
    Major Wright Huske
    Capt. Benj. R. Huske
    Capt. Charles R. Cook
    Capt. Hector McKethen
    Capt. William P. Wemyss
    Sgt. Charles Kennedy
    Sgt. William T. Battley
    Sgt. John H. Robinson
    Sgt. W.D. James
    Corp. J.H. Anderson
    Corp. Henry H. Frizell
    Corp. Dougald Murphy
    Corp. James C. McRae
    Alexander Arnet, William J. Atkinson, William H. Bernard, Gustavas W. Buchanan, 
    John H. Blake, Henry R. Byrd, W.R. Barrringer, William R. Boon, William F. 
    Campbell, Samuel Carmon, Thomas Campbell, William J. Clarke, Isaac N. Clarke, 
    John M. Davis, John H. Dobbin, David Evans, George W. Gee, James C. Gainey, 
    Daniel McL. Graham, George Haigh, James W. Huske, Henry R. Horne, John D. 
    Huske, Henry D. Huske, Charles Haigh, Henry W. Horne, Jeptha Hall, Edw. J. 
    Hale, Jr., Rudolph E. Heide, Peter M. Hale, James H. Jones, Robert James, 
    Joseph T. James, James L. Jones, William T. Jones, Jesse K. Kyle, William E. Kyle, 
    James Kendrick, Haywood A. Lumsden, Jarius B. Lutterich, John A. McLean, 
    John P. McLean, John W. Matthews, Neil McNeil, Hugh A. McDonald, 
    Alexander D. McNeil, James McNeil, John A. McKay, William R. McKethan, 
    Thomas H. McLean, Archibald N. McLauchlin, Evander N. McPhail, Eben Morton, 
    James H. Nance, Oliver W. Pearce, James Phillips, Edw. P. Powers, Benj. R. Russell, 
    David H. Ray, Alexander Ray, King J. Rhodes, Stephen E. Russell, 
    Charles E. Robinson, Archibald B. Russell, Joseph Smith, John X. Smith, 
    Walter J. Smith, French Strange, Henry O. Sedberry, Enoch P. Sykes, 
    John A. Sykes, Bond E. Sedberry, Robert H. Sandford, William B. Stanton, 
    Henry H. Smith, Henry E. Smith, Farquhard R. Smith, David Scott, John Sundy, 
    Charles M. Stedman, Walter Sherwood, George A. Thompson, John A. Thompson, 
    Emmanuel C. Thompson, Alber (no ‘t’) H. Worth, Wm. J. Woodward, 
    Nathan Williamson, William M. Waterbury, Isaac T. Williamson,
     J. Marshall Williams, William Weddifield, James Wemyss, Williamson Whitehead, 
    Edmund J. Williams
    Harnett County
    A letter from Harnett County, May 7, says:
    We have the following volunteer company in this county of near 100 men.  They 
    met at Summerville today to elect officers.  I think without a doubt Col. K. Murchison 
    will command the company.
    The Harnett Light Infantry
    Capt. Kenneth Murchison
    1st Lt. K. M. McNeill
    2nd Lt. R.B. Smith
    3rd Lt. Sam D. Pipkin
    Columbus County
    Two companies of 180 men arrived at Wilmington on Monday.  One is commanded 
    by Capt. Fornay George the other by Capt. J.B. Stanly.  They went down to the forts.
    Three companies from Buncombe County commanded by W.W. McDowell, 
    Z.B. Vance and Jno. W. Woodfin(?), all ready; two companies ready in 
    Henderson Co.; one is read in McDowell, one is ready in Madison; Capt. Avery 
    from Burke Co. about ready; one in Polk Co.; one in Rutherford Co.; three 
    companies from Cleaveland Co.—on started for Raleigh today, Capt. A.W. Burton; 
    two from Lincoln Co.—Capt. W.J. Hoke and W.P. Bynum—Capt. Hoke’s leaves 
    tomorrow; one company from Catawba Co.; one from Iredell gone and three from 
    Mecklenburg going.  Fayetteville Observer
    The following companies are encamped in and near Raleigh.
    At the Fairgrounds:
    Ellis Light Artillery, Capt. S.D. Ramseur, 75
    Rocky Mt. Rifles, Capt. R. Lewis, 60
    Enfield Blues, Capt. D.B. Bell, 80
    Hornet’s Nest Rifles, Capt. L.S. Williams, 93
    Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry, Brevet Maj. Wright Huske, 112
    Lafayetteville Light Infantry, Capt. J.B. Starr, 108
    Orange Light Infantry, Capt. J.R. Hoke, 81
    (note in the issued of May 22, this is said to be a mistake, it should be Captain R.J. Ashe)
    Duplin Rifles, Capt. Thomas S. Keenan, 105
    Columbus Guards, Capt. J.W. Ellis, 80
    Lumberton Guards, Capt. R. M Norment, 86
    Edgecombe Guards, Cpat. Jno. L. Bridgers, 85
    Charlotte Grays, Capt. E.A. Ross, 75
    At the Lemay House:
    Oak City Guards, Capt. G.H. Faribault, 75
    At the R&G Railroad Shops
    Leasburg Grays, Capt. J.T. Hambrick, 83
    At the Deaf and Dumb Asylum
    Milton Blues, Capt. James Mitchell, 84
    At the Baptist Church
    Southern Stars (Lincolnton), Capt. W.J. Hoke, 106
    At the Baptist Grove
    Burke Rifles, Capt. C.M. Avery, 100
    Buncombe Rifles, Capt. W.M. McDowell, 100
    At the Wool Factory
    Cleaveland Guards, Capt. A.W. Burton, 105
    Randlesburg Rifles, Capt. A.A. Erwin, 70
    At Neville’s Church
    Catawba Rifles, Capt. T.W. Bradburn, 109
    Some four or five companies have left this place for the rendezvous at Weldon 
    and others will perhaps leave this week.  Other companies have also collected 
    at Weldon besides which there are troops at various points in the western part 
    of the state also.  Goldsboro and other points in the east also besides those at the fort.
    At a meeting in Wake County a call was made for volunteers from this district 
    wherein the following persons came forward and enrolled their names:  
    John Scott, Hinton Hudson, Thomas Morgan, G.A. Upchurch, John R. Whitehead, 
    Uriah Marshall, J.B. Sears, Merrill Olive, Addison Council, Lewis Yates, 
    Kimbrough Perry, Nathaniel Mitchell, Joseph W. Scott, James Baucome, 
    A.C. Council, J.A. Mills, Ransom Perry, Allen Jenks, T.H. Jones, Wm. Lynch, 
    John McNeal, John Whitehead, L.D.H. Whitehead, H.M. Mills, Levi Baucome, 
    Robert Williams, Charles Penny, John Bobb, Cador Olive, Amos Maynard, 
    Bennett Pasmore, Benjamin Lynch, James P. Scott, Rufin Cantleberry, 
    John Goodwin, Carmy Rigsbee, Henry C. Yates, Sanders Hudson, Barbee Leuter, 
    William Williams, Willie Paget, L. Upchurch, George Holland, Jarrett Broadwell, 
    Taylor Hobby, J.R. Penney, W.J. Mitchell, Troy Jenks, Barbee Sears, Jr., 
    Gaston Perry, A.B. Freeman, Amos Williams, B.T. Hinton, P.T. Hunter, 
    G.A.S. Barbee, Jas. Lawrence, T.T. Holland, Sidney Jenks, John Jenks, 
    Hilliard Yates, M.F. Batchelor, Leroy Mitchell, Gray Jones, E. Harrison, 
    Seth Broadwell.
    The following officers were elected:  Hinton Hudson, Capt.; G.A. Upchurch, Lt.; 
    Joseph T. Hunter, and Bennett Pasmore, Ensigns; A.C. Council, first sergeant.
    Carey Home Guards, Wake Co.
    Capt. Calvin J. Rogers; 1st Lt. Jas. C. Allen; 2nd Lt. A.F. Page; 3rd Lt. 
    Jesse Withers; 1st Sgt. Lemuel House; 2nd Sgt. H.P Tucker; 3rd Sgt. 
    J.P. Adams; 4th Sgt. Kinchen Jones; 1st Corp. J.J. King; 2nd Corp. W.S. King; 
    3rd Corp. Jacob Adams; 4th Corp. Wiley Bausom; 4th Corp. Wyatt J. Holleman; 
    Drummer, Green King
    North Carolina Standard
    May 22, 1861
    The Black Mountain Boys, a company from Yancey County, arrived here on 
    Wednesday evening last.  They are a fine looking body of men.  The officers are:  
    John S. McElroy, Capt.; John Roberts, 1st Lt.; Robert Johnson, 2nd Lt.; S. Byrd, 
    3rd Lt.; B.S.L. Deyton, 4th Lt.
    North Carolina Standard
    May 29, 1861
    The Rough and Ready Guards from Buncombe County, Z.B. Vance, 105 strong, 
    arrived Tuesday and went into camp at Burge Grove.  On Wednesday the Madison 
    Rangers, Capt. Peak, 78 men and the Haywood Rangers, Capt. Robert Love, 98 men,
    arrive and went into camp at the Fairgrounds.
    Four companies left for Richmond on Thursday morning, viz.:  Cleaveland Guards, 
    Capt. Fuller; Lumberton Guards, Capt. Normont; Duplin Rifles, Capt. Kenan; and the 
    Catawba Rifles, Capt. Gray.  The following left for camp at Weldon and Garysburg 
    by the same train, viz.: Cleveland Blues, Capt. Dickinson; Columbus Guards, Capt. 
    Ellis; Randlesburg Rifles, Capt. Erwin: Thomasville Rifles, Capt. Miller; Yanceyville 
    Grays, Capt. Graves.
    We cull from the papers the following items of information:
    Rowan—A company has been raised in Rowan to be called “Scotch Ireland Grays”.
    Richmond—A company has been formed, commanded by Capt. L.H. Webb.  Also, a 
    “home guard” under Capt. Jas. P. Leak.
    Anson—A second company has been formed with Capt. W.F. Haillee(?) and Capt. 
    Cal Carroway is raising another.
    Camp at Garysburg—This camp is now composed of seven companies.  Col. Pender 
    is in command.  Three of the companies are commanded by such men as Hon. 
    Thomas Settle, Hon. Alfred M. Scales and Thomas Ruffin, Jr., Esq., from Alamance
    On Friday last, the Lexington Wildcats, 90 men, Capt. Hargrove, from Davidson, 
    also the Beattie’s Ford Riflemen from Lincoln, Capt. Houston, 75 men, arrived here 
    and passed on to camp at Weldon.  The Stanly Marksmen from Stanly, Capt. 
    Anderson, 101 men, also arrived and are in camp in this city.  On Friday, the Wolf 
    Island Boys, Capt. Slade from Rockingham Co., arrived and went into camp.  The 
    2nd N.C. Regiment has been ordered from Richmond to Norfolk.
    North Carolina Standard
    June 5, 1861
    Capt. J.A. Ramsey’s troop of artillerists from Rowan numbering 99, passed through 
    here on Monday to camp at Garysburg.  They are said to be well armed.
    The Holmes Riflemen from Sampson arrived at Wilmington on Tuesday last.  It is a 
    fine company.
    The Onslow Guards, Capt. Duffie, have been received by the governor and ordered to 
    Capt. Hall’s Rangers from New Hanover are ready for the war and will leave for 
    Garysburg Sunday.  They belong to the state troops, Col. Tow’s(?) Regiment.
    Capt. York’s company from Cedar Fork in this city leaves on Monday to rendezvous 
    at Charlotte.  Its position is Company K, left flank in Col. Fisher’s regiment of state troops.
    The Hawfield’s(?) Company from Orange, Capt. J.W. Wilson have gone into camp at 
    The Mountain Boys, Capt. Corbett from Cleaveland, 65 men, arrived here Wednesday 
    and went into camp.
    The Alamance Boys, Capt. Stockard from Alamance, 75 men, passed on to Garysburg.
    Guilford Men, Capt. C.C. Cole from Guilford County, arrived on Tuesday, 90 men, and 
    went into camp.  The same train brought horses for the Ellis Light Artillery.
    We learn of the election of field officers for the 3rd and 4th Regiments of N.C. Volunteers 
    which took place at Garysburg Monday and Tuesday last and resulted as follows:
    3rd Regiment:  Col. W.D. Pender, Lt. S.D. Ramseur, Major D.R. Hamilton
    4th Regiment:  Col:  Major M.S. Stokes; Lt. Col., Junius A. Daniel and Major Faison.
    We learn that Lt. Ramseur has declined.  His present position as commander of the 
    Ellis Light Artillery Co. we consider of the very first importance to the state.
    Oak City Guards—This fine company is composed of good and true men from this 
    city and they left on Saturday morning last to take their position in the 4th Regiment.  
    Their departure was the occasion of joy and sorrow—sorrow on account of the 
    separation of friends and joy at sending them forth to fight the enemies of the South.  
    On Friday evening a most beautiful flag was prepared by the taste and skill of Mrs. 
    F.I. Wilson of this city and was presented to the company by Mr. F.I. Wilson in a 
    touching poetical address and responded to by Capt. Faribault, commander of the Guards.
    We understand that Major M.S. Stokes, who was elected Colonel of the 4th 
    Regiment of Volunteers at Garysburg last week declined and has since accepted 
    the colonelcy of the 1st Regiment of State Troops, declined by Col. Winder.
    The Surry Regulators, Capt. Reeves, 110 men, the Valley Guards, Capt. Stokes, 
    120 men, the Dixie Boys, Capt. Bailey, 120 men, arrived here on Friday last and 
    went into camp.  A company from Union County passed on its way to Garysburg.  
    The Oak City Guards, Stanley Marksmen, Rough and Ready Guards and the Wolf 
    Island Guards left here on Saturday morning for Garysburg.  The Jeff Davis Guards, 
    Capt. Angell(?) Angeil(?), 78 men from Macon County, arrived here on Saturday 
    evening and went into camp.
    On Sunday the Raleigh Rifles, Capt. W.H. Harrison and the Ellis Guards of 
    Fayetteville, Capt. Sinclair, left here for the camp at Garysburg.
    Letter from the Army
    Camp, 2nd Regiment, N.C. Volunteers
    Our trip to Richmond was indeed a gay one.  We were applauded by the ladies 
    collected at the different depots and showered by bouquets made by their fair 
    hands.  We arrived at Weldon about 8:00 Thursday evening and were furnished 
    with a good substantial dinner after which the companies of the regiment that 
    came on the week before “fell into ranks”.
    We took the train for Petersburg.  The ladies had collected in large quantities along 
    the lines to welcome and congratulate us.  We arrived at Petersburg about 
    10:00 pm where the ladies had turned out en masse to greet us.  They showered 
    bouquets, praises and best of all lovely smiles upon us in profusion.  We arrived 
    at Richmond at 8:00 am and marched directly to our quarters in a beautiful grove 
    near the city.  
    The First Regiment left Richmond on Friday for a point near Norfolk.  Our stay at 
    Richmond was a pleasant one.  We were furnished with good quarters and the 
    ladies called in large quantities to bestow their smiles.  We were ordered on Sunday 
    morning to prepare for departure and everyone was all agog to know the point of our 
    destination.  Different conjectures were made but none could agree until we were 
    marched down to the Petersburg Depot where the large cars were waiting for us 
    when one exclamation went up “Norfolk”, then three cheers were made for North 
    Carolina and the Volunteers.
    We were halted in front of the Exchange Hotel where Lt. Col. Cantwell introduced to 
    the regiment, in a brief and eloquent manner, Col. Moses of South Carolina.  Col. 
    Moses delivered one of the most eloquent and sublime addresses it has been my 
    good fortune to listen to in a long time.  
    We then took the cars for Petersburg where as usual the ladies were expecting us 
    and again showered with bouquets.  We arrived in Norfolk at 8:00 Sunday night and 
    remained in the streets until morning, awaiting orders.  The ladies threw open their 
    doors and invited us in and gave us a splendid breakfast and dinner.  The time 
    whiled away pleasantly until after dinner when we took up our march for our present 
    quarters some two miles from Norfolk.  There are some five or six regiments in the 
    vicinity.  There are breast works being thrown up that will prove impregnable to 
    cannon balls; it is some mile and a half long.
    Yours Respectfully
    North Carolina Standard
    June 12, 1861
    On Wednesday arrived the Rough and Ready Boys, Capt. Jones from Caldwell, 
    115 men strong and the McDowell Rifles, Capt. Neill from McDowell, 73 men and 
    also a company from Macon Co.
    The Mountain Boys, Capt. Corbett, and Ellis Guards, Capt. Love, both from 
    Cleveland and the Chatham Rifles, Capt. Irbrie from Chatham, in fine spirits left 
    on Friday morning for the camp at Garysburg.
    The 1st N.C. Regiment was, at last account, at Yorktown, Va.  The troops there 
    are under the command of the intrepid General J.B. Magruder.  The 2nd Regiment 
    from this state is near Norfolk.
    The 3rd Regiment is at Suffolk, Va., and the 4th is at Garysburg but will be ordered 
    off in a few days.
    The Raleigh Rifles are officered as follows:
    William H. Harrison (mayor of Raleigh), Capt.
    Hon. Sion H. Rogers, 1st Lt.
    Jos. Jones, 2nd Lt.
    Seaton Gales, former editor of the Raleigh Register, 3rd Lt.
    Orderly Sgt. J.W. Miller
    2nd Sgt. Wm. H. Moore
    3rd Sgt. Richard C. Badger (son Hon. George E. Badger)
    3rd N.C. Regiment, now at Suffolk:
    Col. W.D. Pender
    Lt. Col. W.S. Guy
    Major D.H. Hamilton
    Reg. Qtr. Master David Pender
    Reg. Commissary Thomas Cain
    Yanceyville Grays, Capt. Graves
    Randlesburg Rifles, Capt. Erwin
    Milton Blues, Capt. Mitchell
    Leasburg Grays, Capt. Hambrick
    Alamance Regulators, Capt. Ruffin
    Davis Grays, Capt. Clement
    Edgecombe Guards, Capt. Hyman
    Rockingham Guards, Capt. Scales
    Rockingham Rangers, Capt. Settle
    Dixie Boys, Capt. Bailey
    4th N.C. Regiment
    The following officers and companies of the 4th N.C. Regiment now at Garysburg, 
    but ordered to Suffolk in a few days.
    Col Junius Daniel
    Lt. Col. George P. Lovejoy
    Major Paul P. Faison
    Roanoke Minute Men, Capt. Johnston
    Thomasville Rifles, Capt. Miller
    Anson Guards, Capt. Smith
    Cleveland Blues, Capt. Dixon
    Oak City Guards, Capt. Faribault
    Rough and Ready Guards, Capt. Vanco
    Reid Guards, Capt. Slade
    Stanly Marksmen, Capt. Anderson
    Lexington Wild Cats, Capt. Hargrove
    Raleigh Rifles, Capt. Harrison
    1st N.C. Regiment
    We find the following letter from this regiment in the Charlotte Democrat
    Yorktown, Va., May 27
    We had scarcely got ready to rest at our camp near Richmond before we received 
    orders to move to this place.  And, I am sorry to say, we lost one of our best soldiers 
    on our way here.  Julius Sadler fell from the cars a short time after leaving Richmond 
    and was instantly killed.  It is supposed that he was asleep and precipitated from 
    the platform car.  
    The regiment arrived at this place before hearing of his melancholy fate.  The news 
    was received here on Sunday morning and spread a gloom over our gallant band.
    At 11:00 our chaplain, Rev. Edwin A. Yates, preached an impressive discourse to
     his brother soldiers (I say brother soldiers because he is taking an active part in the 
    duties of the camp and intends to fight as well as pray).  May of our men were 
    afflicted to tears at the allusions to the death of poor Sadler.  
    Col. Hill assisted in the service.  He is a praying man and has the confidence and 
    respect of every man in the regiment.  All are determined to stand by him to the 
    last man—where he leads none of us will hesitate to follow.  Lt. Colonel Lee and 
    Major Lane are also good officers and much beloved.  In fact, the men appear 
    pleased with all the officers.
    The Lincoln Company and the Fayetteville Companies have no superiors anywhere.  
    In the latter there are two editors—Peter M. and Edward Hale, Jr. of Fayetteville—and 
    a number of lawyers and doctors.
    Lt. W.E. Cannaday of Granville has resigned his position in the Granville Grays Co. 
    and accepted a captaincy in the 1st Regiment of Infantry of the State Troops.  R.B. 
    Gilliam, Jr., of the same city, is a 2nd Lt. in that same regiment.
    The Dixie Guards, commanded by Capt. C.C. Blacknall of Kitrell’s Springs, makes 
    the 5th or 6th company raised in Granville Co., for the war.  They are camped at 
    Henderson, drilling.
    Capt. Brookfield’s company from Craven, left Newbern for Garysburg on the 7th.  
    The Beauregard Rifles, Capt. Hurtt, and the Elm City Riflemen, Capt. Lewis, will 
    leave soon for the same point.
    The Confederate Guards, Capt. Swindell, of Beaufort County have also gone into 
    camp at Garysburg as have Capt. Hall’s company from Wilmington.
    The following is a list of officers and members of the Wilkes Valley Guards which 
    has been furnished us by a friend.  The company belongs to the first regiment, of 
    N.C. State Troops, commanded by Col. M.S. Stokes of Wilkes Co.
    Capt. J.B. Gordon
    Lieutenants:  1st, H.A. Brown, 2nd, M.A. Parks, 3rd, T.S. Bouchell
    Sergeants:  1st, Jno A. Hampton, 2nd B.C. Gilraith, 3rd W.W. Vannoy, 4th, A.S. Calloway
    Corporals:  1st, J.W. Peden, 2nd D.C. Woodruff, 3rd, E.C. Gray, 4th, A.J. Curtis
    Surgeon:  N.M. Scales, M.D.
    J.T. Alexander, S.P. Ayers, J.R. Blaylock, J.M. Brown, Martin Chatham, W.H. 
    Chatham, W.E. Cranor, Finley Curtis, J.C. Crowson, G.W. Carter, D. M. Carlton, 
    J.D. Clark, H. Cockerham, David Cockerham, Henry Cheek, L.N. Edwards, C. Eller, 
    A.J. Faw, William Fox, Lee Gilreath, Terrel Gray, L.J. Jennings, J.S. Hackett, J.S. 
    Hendren, J.C. Hickerson, Thomas Harley, Jos. Johnson, R.L. Johnson, E.H. Johnson, 
    W.R. Jones, W.E. Jones, John Jones, T.C. Land, T.W. Laxton, J.N. Martin, J.B. 
    Martin, N.G. Martin, T.C. Miller, Jos. Mitchell, William Mooney, J.A. Price, Willis 
    Parks, William Pilkington, J.E. Purvis, W.H. Profitt, John Pennel, William Porter, 
    William Spicer, Wash. Spicer, J.H. Spainhower, R.A. Spainhower, Reuben Sparks, 
    J.C. Shores, A.W. Vannoy, L. Vickers, Samuel Wilkerson, George Wilkerson, 
    W.H. Witherspoon, L. Wellborn, J.T. Watkins, L.D. Whittington, James Walker, 
    William Walsh, Alfred Walsh, J.M. Isbell, H.L. Vannoy, G.N. Hagens, Coffee Laws
    Quite a large number of North Carolinians have arrived and gone into camp and 
    many others are in the process of equipping and others are hastening to Garysburg.  
    We shall soon, no doubt, have a very large body of men in the field.  The following 
    companies are in camp in this city and vicinity:
    Burke Tigers, Capt. E.J. Kirksey
    Buncombe Sharp Shooters, Capt. P.H. Thr -- - (cut off)
    Black Mountain Boys, Capt. J.S. McElroy
    Caswell Rifles, Capt. E.M. Scott
    Guilford Men, Capt. C.C. Cole
    Henderson Guards, Capt. W.M. Shipp
    Haywood Rangers, Capt. R.G.A. Love
    Jackson Rangers, Capt. A.W. Coleman
    Jeff Davis Macon Grays, Capt. B.F. Briggs
    Madison Light Infantry, Capt. John Penk(?)
    Polk County Volunteers, Capt. C. Camp
    Rutherford Riflemen, Capt. H.D. lee
    Rough and Ready Boys, Capt. Will F. Jones
    ------- Mounted Light Infantry, Capt. G.W. ------
    -------- Volunteers, Capt. C.T.N. Davis
    North Carolina Standard
    June 19, 1861
    Bethel Church
    4,500 Yankee troops were defeated by 1,160 North Carolina and Virginia troops 
    near Bethel Church about 9 miles from Hampton, Virginia.  Our readers are 
    aware that General Magruder was in command of the southern troops on the 
    Peninsula between the York and James Rivers.  His headquarters was a Yorktown.  
    The 1st N.C. Regiment was stationed there.  General Magruder determined to
    check the enemy and accordingly, on Friday, 7th, for this mission, detailed 
    Col. Hill’s N.C. Regiment consisting of 800 men, a portion of the Richmond 
    Howitzers and two companies of cavalry from Nottoway and Charles City, in 
    all 360(?) Virginians.  
    The column moved down the peninsula to within nine miles of Hampton and 
    began an entrenchment at Bethel Church near the dividing line between 
    Elizabeth City and York Counties and only about six miles from Newport News.  
    Col. Hill’s Regiment consists of the following companies:
    Edgecombe Guards, Capt. J.L. Bridgers (see above, Edgecombe Guards 
    shown in another regiment (3rd) with another capt.)
    Enfield Blues, Capt. D.B. Bell
    Hornet’s Nest Rifles, Capt. L.S. Williams
    Burke Rifles, Capt. C.M. Avery
    Buncombe Rifles, Capt. W.W. McDowell
    Southern Stars, Capt. W.J. Hoke
    Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry, Maj. Wright Huske
    LaFayette Light Infantry, Capt. R.J. Ashe
    Charlotte Grays, Capt. E.A. Ross
    On Saturday afternoon, Capt. McDowell’s company from Ashville, N.C., 100 
    strong, were out on a reconnoitering expedition with Lt. Gregory and ten men 
    some distance in advance.  Coming within three quarters of a mile of Hampton, 
    they encountered 200 of the enemy on a similar excursion who also had an 
    advance guard in front.  Lt. Gregory and his guard of ten approached within 35 
    steps of the enemy when a parley took place between them, each endeavoring 
    to quiz the other.  Finally, a huge man of the enemy who stood near Lt. Gregory 
    called out “I know you are friends.  I belong to the 2nd N.Y. Regiment.”  Lt. 
    Gregory placed his pistol near the New Yorker’s head and exclaimed “Drop your 
    musket, or I will blow your brains out.  You are my prisoner.”  At the same time, 
    he called upon his men to fire.
    The order was obeyed by Lt. Gregory’s guard and 25 of Capt. McDowell’s 
    command some 80 steps behind also fired.  The Yankees returned the fire but 
    none of our men were injured.  From 12 to 15 of the Yankees were killed or 
    wounded by the discharge and Lt. Gregory secured the prisoner.  Capt. McDowell,
    observing the retreat of the enemy, thought it prudent to withdraw his command 
    as a large body of Federal troops were within half a mile and our little handful 
    would have proved an easy prey.
    The northern soldiers fired very badly.  Lt. Gregory was on horseback and the 
    balls whizzed far above his head.  In their retreat, the Yankees carried their 
    dead and wounded in two carts and a buggy to Hampton.  The prisoner was 
    sent to Yorktown in charge of a gallant youth named William Lorance and another private.
    Monday morning about 7:00, a man who, it is said, had deserted from our army 
    and had concealed himself somewhere in the forest between Bethel Church 
    and Newport News, came into camp, regretting his desertion and informing 
    our officers that the Yankee forces had struck their tents in Newport News 
    and were advancing in a column 4,000 or 5,000 strong.  This intelligence 
    was received by our officers with some doubt but they resolved to be on the 
    alert and give as hot a reception to the enemy as possible.
    The deserter’s information proved to be correct for a few minutes later about 
    8:00 our scouts were driven in and shortly after our pickets were fired upon.  
    Presently the enemy made their appearance and it was plainly to be seen 
    that they had both infantry and artillery but no cavalry were visible.  
    As soon as they approached within range of our guns, the gallant Carolinians 
    and Virginians opened fire upon them and poured into their ranks a galling fire.  
    They stood their ground a few minutes doing the best they could but their gun 
    shots all went wide of their aim, scarcely a shot touching our troops.
    The fire was continued on both sides until about 9:00, our troops maintaining 
    a deadly fire upon the Yankees from behind the trees and in the thick 
    undergrowth around, while the enemy could neither dodge our balls or cause 
    their shot to reach us with effect.  The work finally became too much for them 
    and they fell back in considerable disorder and confusion.
    The enemy next made an attempt to flank our men by a circuitous route which 
    occupied some thirty minutes.  In the meantime, the Confederate troops betook 
    themselves to their temporary entrenchments and coolly awaited their approach.  
    At 9:30 they appeared in view but in their march had become involved in a thick 
    morass from which they found it impossible to advance or retreat.
    The Confederate forces now had the Yankees just where they wanted them 
    and from behind their temporary entrenchments about the Bethel Church, 
    poured a most deadly fire into their ranks.  They caught it right, left, and in 
    front and finally scrambled out of the morass, fled in the utmost disorder and 
    confusion.  All attempts to rally them by one or two officers were utterly in vain.  
    Our informant states that their flight was perfectly wild and betrayed a 
    consternation and dismay.  They were hotly pursued by the gallant 1st Regiment 
    of North Carolina Volunteers while the Richmond Howitzers poured grape and 
    canister into their rear.  Our cavalry continued to chase and pursue them through 
    the woods to New Market Bridge which is within two and a half miles of Hampton.  
    Not knowing the strength of their forces at Hampton, the chase was abandoned.
    One man, Pte. Henry L. Wyatt of the Edgecombe Guards, was killed, and 
    seven wounded.
    The only one of the North Carolina Regiment killed in the late battle at Bethel 
    Church was Pte. Henry L. Wyatt.  The deceased was formerly of Richmond 
    and has a widowed mother residing there.  Charles Williams and Council 
    Rogers of one of the Fayetteville companies were severely wounded.  (Note, 
    in the following issue:  “We incorrectly stated in our last issue that Charles 
    Williams and Council Rogers belonged to the Fayetteville companies.  This is 
    an error—they belonged to the Edgecombe Guards.)
    The Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry was formed in 1789 under the 
    administration of Washington; it was but fitting that it should bear a prominent 
    part in achieving the first decisive victory on Virginia Soil and defending the 
    grave of Washington who when in life organized it to protect from the assaults 
    of Citizen Genet of France.  The Lafayette Light Infantry of the same town was 
    organized a few years ago to perpetuate the memory of Lafayette and it was 
    but fitting that it should “flesh its maiden sword” and achieve its first triumph at 
    Yorktown, the field on which the noble Lafayette earned his brightest laurels 
    and distinguished military honors.
    Mecklenburg, to whose citizens raised the first cry of independence in 1775, 
    was represented by the Hornet’s Nest Rifles and Charlotte Grays.  McDowell,
    the lined descendent of one of the heroes of King’s Mountain, led the Buncombe 
    Rifles; Avery the grandson of the first late(?) General of the state, led the Burke 
    Rifles; Ashe, who inherited a Revolutionary name, led the Orange Light Infantry 
    and the gallant Bridgers, who led the Edgecombe braves, had in his ranks an 
    Owen whose ancestor did signal service on the battlefields of North and South 
    Carolina in the old revolution.
    Young Wyatt, the only man killed, was one of five of the Edgecombe Guards 
    who were called upon by Capt. Bridgers to fire a house in and around which the 
    enemy had sought shelter.  On attempting this daring feat, Wyatt was killed, a 
    shot entering his forehead when one of his comrades immediately shot the 
    Yankee who killed Wyatt.
    Ocrakoke Inlet--From a correspondent of the Washington Dispatch, we learn that
    the battery on Beacon Island is nearly completed.  Three companies are not 
    stationed there:  The Washington Grays, Capt. Sparrow; The Tar River Boys 
    from Pitt, Capt. Johnson, and a company from Washington County commanded 
    by Capt. Gilliam.
    Lt. John O. Long of Randolph has resigned his commission in the U.S. Infantry 
    and tendered his services to the governor.  He was seven years in the U.S. 
    service.  He is a graduate of West Point.
    The following officers were elected by the 6th Regiment of Volunteers in this city 
    on Monday last:
    Colonel:  Stephen Lees of Buncombe
    Lieutenant:  Col. R.G.A. Love of Haywood
    Major:  Capt. Briggs of Gaston
    North Carolina Volunteers
    The following companies comprise the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th 
    Regiments of the N.C. Volunteers
    5th Regiment
    Chatham Rifles, Capt. Irhie(?)
    Monroe Light Infantry, Capt. McRae
    Ellis Guards, Capt. Love
    Beattie’s Ford Riflemen, Capt. Houston
    Mountain Boys, Capt. Corbet
    Tar River Guards, Capt. Perry
    Davie Sweepstakes, Capt. Kelly
    Franklin Rifles, Capt. Green
    Sandy Creek Rough and Ready, Capt. Jackson
    Poplar Springs Grays, Capt. Spivey
    Stationed at Garysburg
    6th Regiment
    Jackson Volunteers, Capt. Coleman
    Madison Light Infantry, Capt. Peak
    Black Mountain Boys, Capt. McElroy
    Rutherford Riflemen, Capt. Lee
    Rutherford Volunteers, Capt. Leaventhorpe
    Haywood Rangers, Capt. Love
    Jefferson Davis Macon County Guards, Capt. Angel
    Henderson Guards, Capt. Shipp
    King’s Mountain Grays, Capt. Briggs
    Buncombe Guards, Capt. Thrash
    Stationed at Raleigh
    7th Regiment
    Washington Grays, Capt. Sparrow
    Hyde Volunteers, Capt. Leith
    Tar River Boys, Capt. Johnston
    Hertford Light Infantry, Capt. Sharpe
    Currituck Atlantic Rifles, Capt. Lindsey
    Roanoke Guards, Capt. Lamb
    Company B of Martin County, Capt. Clement
    Washington County Volunteers, Capt. Gilliam
    John Harvey Guards, Capt. Johnson
    Independent Grays, Capt. Cohoon
    Stationed at Hatteras and Ocracoke
    8th Regiment
    Bladen Guards, Capt. George Tait
    Bladen Light Infantry, Capt. Robert Tait
    Holmes Riflemen, Capt. Chestnut
    Independent Blues, Capt. Williams
    Robeson Rifle Guards, Capt. Norment
    Columbus Guards, No. 1, Capt. Ellis
    Onslow Grays, Capt. Redd
    Moore’s Creek Rifle Guards, Capt. Hawes(?)
    Columbus Guards, No. 3, Capt. George
    Scotch Boys, Capt. Malloy
    Stationed at Wilmington
    9th Regiment
    Orange Guards, Capt. Jones
    Guilford Grays, Capt. Sloan
    Goldsboro Rifles, Capt. Croton
    Goldsboro Volunteers, Capt. Whitaker
    Wilson Light Infantry, Capt. Barnes
    Pitt Volunteers, Capt. Singletary
    Marlboro Guards, Capt. Morill
    Dixie Rifles, Capt. Strong
    N.C. Guards, Capt. Whitfield
    Tuckahoe Braves, Capt. Wooten
    To this regiment, the artillery under the command of Capt. Pender will be attached.
    10th Regiment
    German Volunteers, Capt. Kornelson
    Rifle Guards, Capt. Meares
    Cobarrus Black Boys, Capt. Atwell
    Cape Fear Riflemen, Capt. Hawkins
    Sampson Rangers, Capt. Faison
    Fair Bluff Volunteers, Capt. Smith
    Columbus Guards, No. 4, Capt. Stanly
    Columbus Guards, No. 2, Capt. Toon
    Confederate Grays, Capt. Denison
    Washington Light Infantry, Capt. McRae
    Stationed at Fort Carswell and Johnson
    11th Regiment
    Town Fork Invincibles, Capt. Westmoreland
    Mountain Boys, Capt. Pepper
    Blue Ridge Riflemen, Capt. Graves
    Davidson Guards, Capt. Leach
    Forsythe Guards, Capt. Wharton
    Surrey Marksmen, Capt. Gilmer
    Mountain Tigers, Capt. Waugh
    Yadkin Grey Eagles, Capt. Connolly
    Forsythe Riflemen, Capt. Betts
    Forsythe Southrons, Capt. Miller
    Stationed at Danville
    Arms will be issued to the troops as soon as they are organized into a 
    regiment and mustered into service.
    Letter from Camp
    2nd Regiment, N.C. Volunteers
    Near Norfolk, Va.
    Since I wrote you last, we have moved our encampment to a more pleasant 
    place nearer the city.  We are now located on the banks of a creek in a 
    beautiful grove in front of which is a beautiful green lawn where we drill and 
    meet on dress parade.  We are all pleased with our location and would be 
    perfectly content if we had good water.  That cooling beverage is quite deficient 
    though we make the best of it we can and bear all privations with utmost resignation.
    Our tents are laid out in a regular village form, having a broad street running in 
    the center of each company.  It rained two or three days incessantly and the
    water was on the average two or three inches deep in and around our tents.  
    However, we now have a beautiful and clear sky above and are in fine spirits 
    and anxious for a fight.  We are continually on the alert and ready at a moment’s 
    notice.  It would be a hard matter to take us by surprise.
    There were two men arrested on Saturday aboard a small skiff used for fishing.  
    They were discovered hoisting flags of various colors at intervals, and on being 
    arrested were found to have on board several kinds of flags.  There is no doubt 
    but that they have been furnishing the enemy with the movements of our troops 
    and strengths of our batteries.  A man by the name of Vick, who says he is 
    from Warren Co., N.C., and has two brothers in the regiment, was arrested on 
    Monday as a spy.  As his brothers could not be found, he was turned over to 
    military authorities and he, with the above two men, will meet their just reward.
    Yours Respectfully,
    North Carolina Standard
    June 26, 1861
    Johnston County has responded nobly to the call for volunteers.  Her citizens 
    are fully aroused as to the importance of the great interests at stake and are 
    contributing in men and means their full share.  The first company, commanded 
    by Capt. E.D. Snead, is at Garysburg and is in the 5th Regiment.  The second 
    is commanded by Capt. Crockett and the third by Capt. Lane was expected to 
    be at Garysburg last Wednesday.  The fourth, commanded by Capt. Woodall, 
    will soon march to the same point.  It is probably one more company will be raised.  
    The following are the officers of the fourth company:
    Capt. Ira T. Woodall
    1st Lt. Charles H. Snead
    2nd Lt. B. Ryals
    3rd Lt. W.H. Perry
    Orderly Sgt. C. Page
    1st Sgt. D.A. Barbee
    2nd Sgt. D.C. Garrard
    3rd Sgt. E.J. Pierce
    4th Sgt. W. Benson
    Quartermaster E.A. Boykin
    Secretary J.A. Jones
    We learn that another volunteer company has been raised in the Cedar Fork area 
    of Wake County.  Col. Hiram Witherspoon is captain and Col. Canady Lowe is 
    1st lieutenant.
    Col. D. H. Hill, commander of the 1st N.C. Regiment of Volunteers has been 
    promoted to Brigadier General for his gallantry and skill in the Battle of Bethel 
    Church, Virginia, to take effect on June 10.  D.H. Hill is a graduate of West Point, 
    graduating with honors when about the age of 22.  He then entered the U.S. Army
    and remained there until after the close of the Mexican War.  He was in the army 
    under General Scott from Vera Cruz to Mexico City and greatly distinguished 
    himself in some of the hard fought battles of that campaign.  At the storming of 
    Chapultepec he was the second man on the American side that mounted the 
    ramparts.  For his service in the war he was promoted to the rank of major 
    which he afterwards resigned to accept the chair of mathematics in Davidson 
    College, N.C.
    He discharged the duties of his new position with zeal and fidelity.  
    Notwithstanding the arduous labors that now devolve upon him, he has found 
    time to write and publish a large work on Algebra, which was favorably received.  
    This work excited some remarks at the time on account of the intense southern 
    spirit which breathes in some of its problems.  In 1858 when the North Carolina 
    Military Institute was established at Charlotte, Col. Hill was appointed to the first 
    place in the faculty and devoted himself with energy and ability to the instruction 
    of young soldiers for the old north state.
    Upon the commencement of hostilities between the north and south, he was 
    appointed by Gov. Ellis to the command of the camp of instruction at Raleigh.  
    When the 1st Regiment of N.C. Volunteers was organized, he was elected Colonel.
    Col. Hill is also the author of two theological works, viz.:  “The Sermon on the 
    Mount” and the “Crucifixion”.  These works were published two or three years 
    ago by the Presbyterian Board of Publication and were well received in the 
    Christian literary world.  Col. Hill is a true Christian man and if we mistake not, 
    an elder in the Presbyterian Church at Charlotte.
    In person, Col. Hill is about medium height and well proportioned.  He has dark 
    eyes and hair which is becomingly freely tinged with grey.  He is about 42 years 
    old and has a serious military bearing and is a very rigid disciplinarian.
    Several companies have arrived in the city this week and others are leaving.  
    Col. Fisher’s Regiment will soon move to the encampment at Danville, we hear, 
    and Col. McRae’s will go to Garysburg.  
    Letter from Camp
    4th Regiment N.C. Volunteers
    Taking it for granted that you would like to be advised of the manner in which the 
    4th Regiment of N.C. Volunteers have fared since they left Garysburg, I have 
    concluded to inform you.
    About noon on Tuesday last we departed from Garysburg amid the cheers and 
    good wishes of the large concourse of citizens who had assembled to watch 
    our departure.  The cars brought down to convey us had never been used to 
    transport troops, therefore, they were very tight, having but two doors and no
    windows.  This was more than the soldiers could stand, so they commenced
    upon the sides of the cars with their muskets, axes, etc., with such force that 
    they very soon had air holes enough for their comfort.  Every station we passed 
    a beautiful Confederate flag was hoisted and floating triumphantly on the breeze. 
    There were mottoes on several of them but I could only get an opportunity to 
    read one that said “Liberty or Death” in bold letters.
    We arrived at Suffolk about 4:00 and found much difficulty in finding a place to 
    pitch our tents.  At last the Colonel found a suitable and very pleasant place 
    about two miles from town.  The sun was about an hour high when we arrived 
    at our camp grounds and at dark all the tents of the regiment were raised.  
    Every soldier, I believe is well pleased with the place where we are encamped.
    The farmers around camp bring in daily carts loaded with vegetables, beef, and 
    fish—therefore, the soldiers fare much better than they expected.  The military 
    law is strictly observed within the regiment—we drill at a quarter to 5 in the 
    morning and at 5:00 pm for an hour and a half at a time.
    The balance of the day is spent drilling the officers, mounting the guard, etc.  
    No man is allowed to leave camp after retreat is beaten unless he goes by the 
    tent of the officer of the day and reports himself—and when he returns he has to 
    come in the same way to notify the officer of his return.  
    Captain Faribault of the Oak City Guards is the officer of the day today.  
    Two men from our company are allowed to go to Suffolk every day.  On the 
    day before yesterday I went to town on some business.  The 13th day of this 
    month we observed in this camp a day of thanksgiving and prayer.  Divine 
    worship is to be held at 3:00.
    Excerpts from Col. D.H. Hill’s report on the Battle of Bethel Church
    I cannot speak too highly of my two field officers Lt. Col. Lee and Major Lane.  
    Their services have been of the highest importance since taking the field and 
    up to the present moment.  Also, to Lt. J.M. Poteat, Adjutant and Lt. J.W. 
    Litchford, aid, both of them cadets at the N.C. Military Institute in Charlotte. L 
    The latter received a contusion on the head from a grape shot which nearly 
    cost him his life.
    Capt. Brigadiers of Company A, Lt. Owens commanding, Company B, Capt. 
    Ross commanding, Company C, Capt. Aster commanding, Company D, Capt. 
    McDowell commanding, Company E, Capt. Starr commanding, Company F, 
    Capt. Avery commanding, Company G, Capt. Huske commanding, Company 
    H, Lt. Whitaker commanding, Company J and Captain Hoke of Company K 
    displayed great coolness, judgment and efficiency.  Lt. Gregory is highly spoken 
    of by Major Lane for soldierly bearing on the 8th.  Lts. Cook and McKethan of 
    Company H crossed over under a heavy fire to the assistance of the troops 
    attached on the left—so, also did Lt. Cohen of Co. C.  Lt. Hoke has shown 
    great zeal, energy and judgment as an engineer officer on various occasions.  
    Capt. George Williams, Co. A, Privates Henry L. Wyatt, Thomas Fallan, 
    John Thorpe of Company A volunteered to burn the house which concealed the 
    enemy.  They behaved with great gallantry—Wyatt was killed and the three 
    others recalled.
    Sgt. Thomas J. Steuart of Company A and Private William McDowell of 
    Company A reconnoitered the position of the enemy and went far in advance 
    of our troops.  Pte. J.W. Potts of Company B is specially mentioned by his 
    company commander.  So are C.L. Watt of Company C, W.H. McDade of 
    Company D, Sgt. J.M. Young, Corp. Jno Dingler, Pte. G.H.A. Adams, R.V. 
    Gudger, G.W. Worley, John C. Wright, T.T. Lettle, J.F. Jenkins of Company 
    C and R.W. Stedman, M.C. Dye, H.C. Benton, J.B. Smith, of Company F; 
    G.W. Buham, James C. McRae of Company H.
    Casualties:  Henry L. Wyatt, Co. K, mortally wounded; Lt. J.W. Ratchford, 
    contusion; Pte. Council Rogers and Charles Williams of Co. A, wounded 
    severely; S. Patterson of Co D, slight wound; Wilson White of Co K, slight 
    wound; Peter Poteat of Company G, slight wound.
    The Scotland Neck Mounted Rifles, commanded by Capt. P.M. Edmonston 
    was mustered into the service of the state by Major W.J. Clarke at Clarksville, 
    Halifax County on Friday, 14th inst., and left for Wilmington on the following 
    Monday. The company numbers about 70 fine young men.
    Col. W.S.G. Andrews of Goldsboro has been appointed Captain of Artillery in 
    the state troops and is recruiting a company of heavy artillerists for the sea 
    coast defense to be stationed in one of the forts.
    This county has three companies already in the service and there are five 
    others forming:  one under Capt. B.S. Borden, infantry, at Saulston; Capt. 
    E.S. Roberts, infantry, at Mt. Olive; Capt. Thomas Ruffin, cavalry, at Goldsboro 
    and one of artillery, Capt. Andrews at Goldsboro.
    Col. William R. Cox (note in a later issue this was corrected to William H. Cox) 
    has been appointed major of the 5th Regiment N.C.T.  Major Cox has a military 
    education and will make a good officer.  We learn he has left for camp.  His fine 
    manners and bearing will make him popular with his command and if he has a 
    chance he will make his mark.
    North Carolina Standard
    July 3, 1861
    Capt. Crumpler of Ashe County and Capt. Rufus Barringer of Cabarrus County 
    have raised two fine cavalry companies in their respective counties.
    Capt. George W. Hays has raised a fine company of cavalry in Cherokee and 
    Capt. Francis a company of infantry.  
    We learn that the following officers have been elected in the 5th Regiment:
    Colonel:  William E. Cannady of Granville
    Lt. Col:  Capt. Ibrie of the Chatham Guards
    (Note in a later issue the following:  William Cannady was in error, the Colonel 
    elected was R.M. McKinney, late of the N.C. Military Institute.  This regiment 
    has gone to Virginia and it is understood it will join Gen. Hill’s command. Also 
    that Capt. W.F. Green of Franklin was major)
    Adjutant:  Lt. Manning
    John Taylor, Esq. has been elected captain of the Chatham Guards vice Capt. 
    Ibrie promoted.  Lt. Col. Lee of the 1st Regiment was elected colonel of this, but declined.
    We have heard it stated that Lt. Col. Senton Gales of the Raleigh Rifles has been 
    appointed adjutant and Sgt. R.C. Badger of the same company Commissary of the 
    The 9th Regiment is in camp at Newbern.  The Progress states that the following 
    officers were elected:  Capt. G.E.B. Singletary of Pitt as colonel; Capt. Pride 
    Jones of Orange as lt. col.; Capt. W. Wooten of Lenoir as major.
    Artillery Company B, Capt. H.T. Guion has been organized at Newbern and will 
    march soon to Ft. Macon.
    We had the pleasure of seeing in the city last week Capt. George W. Hayes of 
    Cherokee who is stationed with his company of cavalry at Asheville.  Capt.
     Hayes’ company is 100 strong, filled with stalwart mountain men.  Capt. 
    Crumpler’s is Company A and Capt. Hayes’ is B of the regiment of cavalry to 
    rendezvous at Asheville.
    We learn that a court martial was held at Garysburg on the 26th and 27th ult., 
    for the trial of Privates Charles Penn and John W. Stokes of Co. D, 3rd Reg’t., 
    State Troops, charged with desertion.  Lt. Col. J.P. Jones was President, Capt. 
    Wm. J. Clarke of the Confederate Army was Judge Advocate.  The findings and 
    sentences of the court will not be known until review by General Gatlin.
    Capt. Robert Ransom late of the U.S. Army has been appointed Colonel of the 
    State’s Cavalry.  He has just returned from Ft. Wise, Colorado Territory.  He is 
    said to have been the best horseman in the U.S. service.
    A friend from Anson County writes as follows:  “Our third company, the Pee 
    Dee Wild Cats, is now nearly equipped (with the exception of arms alone) and 
    prepared for service and will be tendered to the governor in a few days if the 
    rumor that he refuses to receive any more 12 month volunteers does not cause 
    a delay.  The company is composed of the right material and will do good service.”
    The officers are as follows:
    Capt. J.C. Carraway
    1st Lt. J.J. Cox
    2nd Lt. J.C. McLaughlin
    3rd Lt. E.R. Liles
    1st Sgt. J.F. Bradley
    2nd Sgt. William S. Diggs
    3rd Sgt. J.A. Liles
    4th Sgt. W.G. Meacham
    5th Sgt. Jas. M. Smith
    1st Corp. T.R. Knotts
    2nd Corp. F.M. Neal
    3rd Corp. B.F. Clark
    4th Corp. W.W. Boggan
    Quartermaster:  B. Lindsey
    Surgeon:  Dr. W.H. Battle
    Ensign:  W.H. Smith
    Drill Master:  B.M. McLauchlin
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, May 27, 1861
    2nd Regiment
    Field Officers
    Colonel—Solomon Williams
    Lt. Colonel—Edward Cantwell
    Major—A.W. Burton
    Duplin Rifles—Capt. Kenan
    Lumberton Guards—Capt. Norment
    Catawba Rifles—Capt. Ray
    Warren Guards—Capt. Wade
    Townesville Guards—Capt. Coleman
    Cleveland Guards—Capt. Fulton
    Granville Greys—Capt. Wortham
    Nash Boys—Capt. Williams
    Halifax Light Infantry—Capt. Whitaker
    Petersburg Express
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, June 24, 1861
    From the Wilmington Journal:
    The “Scotch Boys” a fine company from Richmond Co., arrived here yesterday.  They are twelve 
    month volunteers and the company numbers 96 men all told, including officers.  They are under 
    the command of Capt. Charles Malloy
    Charles Malloy, Captain
    Jno. B. Buchanan(?), 1st Lt.
    D.M. McLaurin, 2nd Lt.
    Jno. W. Roper, 3rd Lt.
    A.A. Moffitt, 1st Sgt.
    Lawrence Stewart, 2nd Sgt.
    D.H. Middleton, 3rd Sgt.
    J.C. Buchanan, 4th Sgt.
    A.W. McGregor, 1st Corp.
    Wm. H. McLaurin, 2nd Corp.
    Franklin McIntosh, 3rd Corp.
    Owen McLaurin, 4th Corp.
    Neill Beasley
    Daniel Blue
    Washington Engett(?)
    Neill Brown
    Wm. Buchanan
    Wm. H. Bullerds(?)
    Daniel Calhoun
    Duncan Calhoun
    Hugh C. Calhoun(?)
    Malcolm Calhoun
    Archibald Cameron
    Andrew J. Clark(?)
    D.W. Connelly
    J.J. Crawford
    J.A. Calder
    James Donohoe
    A.A. Fairly
    J.M. Fairly
    C.C. Gibson
    D.M. Gibson(?)
    J.A. Gibson
    Wm. H. Gibson
    Jno. F. Gilchrist
    H.P. Graham
    Jno. A. Henderson
    L.V. Howard
    A.A. Huckabee
    Jno. Hughes
    Alexander Jones
    Dugald Jones
    Joseph Jones
    Jno. A. Lytch
    John G. Martin
    James Montgomery
    Jno. A. Murphy
    Wm. H. Murphy
    M. McCormick
    Murdock McDuffie
    Daniel McEachen
    M.E. McEachen
    Archibald P. McKoy
    Daniel McKinnon
    G.M. McKinnon
    Jno. B. McKinnon
    Duncan McLaurin
    A.B. McLauchlin
    Duncan McLauchlin
    Jno. M. McLauchlin
    Daniel McLean
    Jno. F McLean
    Joseph McMillan
    Edward McNair, Sr.
    Edward McNair, Jr.
    Jno. F. McNair
    A.H. McNeill
    Duncan McNeill
    N.A. McNeill
    E.P. McPherson
    Jno. Knox McQueen
    Neill McQueen
    A.L. McRae
    W.H. Nelson
    James E. Newton
    Elijah Norton
    Isham C. Norton
    Neill Norton
    Jno. Pate
    Stephen W. Pate
    H.L. Patterson
    Jos. A. Patterson
    Benjamin T. Person
    A.W. Roper
    John S- - ls
    Barney Skipper
    Neill Smith
    Neill McN. Smith
    Wm. Snead
    Jno. W. Stewart
    Neill Stewart
    Henry M. Throver
    Wm. Wallace
    James Williamson
    J.W. Wright
    Samuel Wright
    Wm. Waters
    Transcriber’s note:  Above is a listing from the North Carolina Standard of the members of the 
    Tenth Regiment, previously transcribed.  The Fayetteville Observer reprinted this list with the 
    following asterisk:  “We learn from an officer of the 10th Regiment that the Holmes Riflemen of 
    Sampson County, ahs been attached to this regiment in place of the Wilmington Light Infantry.”
    Transcriber’s note:  Above is a portion of Col. Hill’s report on the Battle of Bethel Church, which 
    consists of the casualties.  Below is the detail on the engagement itself, from the Fayetteville 
    I marched on the 6th inst., with my regiment and four pieces of Major Randolph’s battery, from 
    Yorktown, on the Hampton Rd. to Bethel Church, nine miles from Hampton.
    We reached there after dark, on a wet night and slept without tents.  Early on the morning of the 
    7th, I made a reconnaissance of the ground preparatory to fortifying and encircling our right flank.  
    On our left, was a dense and almost impassable wood, except about 150 yards of old field.  The
    breadth of the road, a thick wood, and a narrow cultivated field covered our rear.  The nature of 
    the ground determined me to make an enclosed work.  I had the invaluable aid of Lt. Col. Lee, 
    of my regiment, in its plan and construction.
    Our position had the inherent defect of being commanded by an immense field immediately in front 
    of it, upon which the masses of the enemy might be readily deployed.  Presuming an attempt 
    would be made to carry the bridge across the stream, a battery was made for its special 
    protection, and Maj. Randolph placed his guns so as to sweep all the approaches to it.  The 
    occupation of two commanding eminences beyond the creek and on our right, would have greatly 
    strengthened our position, but our force was too weak to admit of the occupation of more than 
    one of them.  A battery was laid out on it for one of Randolph’s Howitzers.  
    We had only 26 spades, 6 axes, and 3 picks, but these were busily plied all day and night of the 
    7th, and all day on the 8th.  On the afternoon of the 8th, I learned that a marauding party of the 
    enemy was in a few miles of us.  I called for a party of 34 men to drive them back.  Lt. Roberts, 
    of F Company of my regiment, promptly responded, and in five minutes his command was en 
    route.  I detached Maj. Randolph with our howitzer to join him, and Lt. Col. Lee, 1st Regiment, 
    N.C. Volunteers, requested and was granted permission to take command of the whole.  
    After a march of five miles, they came across the marauders busy over the spoils of  a plundered 
    house.  A shell soon put the plunderers to flight and they were chased over New Market Bridge, 
    where our little force was halted in consequence of the presence of a considerable body stationed 
    on the other side.  Lt. Col. Lee brought in one prisoner.  How many of the enemy were killed and 
    wounded is not known.  None of our command was hurt. 
    Soon after Lt. Col. Lee left, a citizen came dashing in with the information that 75 marauders 
    were on the Back River Road.  I called for Capt. McDowell’s Company E of the 1st Regiment 
    N.C Volunteers and in three minutes it was in hot pursuit.  Lt. West of the Howitzer Battalion 
    with one piece was detached to join them, and Maj. Lane of my regiment volunteered to assume 
    command of the whole.  
    After a weary march, they encountered, dispersed and chased the wretches over New Market 
    Bridge—this being the second race on the same day over New Market Bridge in both of which 
    the Yankees reached the goal first.  Major Lane brought in one prisoner.  Reliable citizens 
    reported that two cart loads and one buggy load of wounded were brought into Hampton.  We 
    had not a single man killed or wounded.  Col. Magruder came up that evening and assumed 
    On Sunday the 9th, a fresh supply of tools enabled us to put more men to work, and when not 
    engaged in religious duties the men worked vigorously on the entrenchments.  We were aroused 
    at 3:00 on Monday morning, for a general advance upon the enemy and marched 3 and a quarter 
    miles, when we learned that the foe in large force was within a few hundred yards of us.  We fell 
    back hastily upon our entrenchments and awaited the arrival of our invaders.  Lt. Col. Stewart of 
    the 3rd  Va. Regiment, having joined us with some 180 men, was stationed on the hill on the 
    extreme right beyond the creek, and Company G of my regiment was also thrown over the stream 
    to protect the Howitzer under Capt. Brown.
    Captain Bridges of Company A, 1st N.C. Regiment, took post in the dense wood beyond and to 
    the left of the bridge.  Major Montague, with three companies of his battalion, was ordered up 
    from the rear and took post on our right, beginning at the Church and extending along the entire 
    front on that side.  This fine body of men and the gallant command of Lt. Col. Stewart, worked 
    with great rapidity and in an hour had constructed temporary shelters against the enemy’s fire.  
    Just at 9:00 am the heavy columns of the enemy were seen approaching rapidly and in good 
    order, but when Randolph opened upon them at 9:30 their organization was completely broken 
    up.  The enemy promptly replied with his Artillery, firing briskly and wildly and made an attempt 
    at deployment on our right of the road under cover of some houses and a paling.  They were, 
    however, promptly driven back by our Artillery, a Virginia company (the Life Guard) and 
    Companies B, C, And G of my regiment.  The enemy made no deployment within musketry 
    range during the day except under cover of woods, fences or paling.  Under cover of the trees, 
    he moved a strong column to an old ford some three quarters of a mile below, where I had place 
    a picket of some forty men.  
    Col. Magruder sent Captain Worth’s company of Montague’s command, with one howitzer under 
    Sgt. Crain to drive back this column, which was done by a single shot from the howitzer.  Before 
    this, a priming wire had been broken in the vent of the howitzer commanded by Capt. Brown, and 
    rendered it useless.  
    A force estimated at 1,500 was now attempting to outflank us and get in the rear of Lt. Col. 
    Stewart’s small command.  He was accordingly directed to fall back and the whole of our 
    advanced troops were withdrawn.  At this critical moment, I directed Lt. Col. Lee to call Capt. 
    Bridgers out of the swamp and order him to occupy the nearest advanced work, and I ordered 
    Capt. Ross of Company C, 1st Regiment N.C. Volunteers to the support of Lt. Col. Stewart.  
    These two captains with their companies, crossed over to Randolph’s Battery under a most 
    heavy fire, in the most gallant manner.  
    As Lt. Col. Stewart had withdrawn, Capt. Ross was detained at the Church near Randolph’s 
    Battery.  Capt. Bridgers, however, crossed over and drove in the Zouaves out of the advanced 
    howitzer battery and re-occupied it.  It is impossible to overestimate this service.  It decided the 
    action in our favor.
    In obedience to orders from Col. Magruder, Lt. Col. Stewart rushed back, and in spite of the 
    presence of a foe ten times his superior in numbers, resumed in the most heroic manner 
    possession of his entrenchments.  A fresh howitzer was carried across and placed in the 
    battery and Capt. Avery, of Company G, was directed to defend it at all hazards.
    We were now as secure as at the beginning of the fight, and as yet had no man killed.  The enemy, 
    finding himself foiled on our right flank, next made his final demonstration on our left.  A strong 
    column supposed to consist of volunteers from different regiments and under command of Capt. 
    Winthrop, Aide-de-Camp to General Butler, crossed over the creek and appeared at the angle on 
    our left.  Those in advance had put on our distinctive badge of a white band around the cap and 
    they cried out repeatedly “don’t fire”.  This reuse was practiced to enable the whole column to get 
    over the creek and form in good order.
    They now began to fear most lustily, thinking that our work was open at the gorge and that they 
    could get in by a sudden rush.  Companies B and C, however, soon dispelled the illusion by a 
    cool, deliberate and well directed fire.  Col. Magruder sent over portions of G, C, and H companies 
    of any regiment to our support.  And now began as cool firing on our side as was ever witnessed.  
    The three field officers of the regiment were present and but few shots were fired without their 
    permission, the men repeatedly saying “may I fire, I think I can bring him”.  They were all in high 
    spirits and seemed to enjoy it as much as boys do rabbit shooting.  
    Capt. Winthrop, while most gallantly urging on his men was shot through the heart, when all 
    rushed back with the utmost precipitation.  So far as my observation extended, he was the only 
    one of the enemy who exhibited even an approximation of courage during the whole day. The fight 
    at the angle lasted but twenty  minutes; it completely discouraged the enemy and he made no 
    further effort at assault.  The house in front, which had served as a hiding place for the enemy, 
    was now fired by a shell from a howitzer, and the out houses and palings were soon in a blaze.  
    As all shelter was now taken from them, the enemy called in his troops and started back for 
    Hampton.  As he had left sharp shooters behind him in the woods on our left, the dragoons 
    could not advance until Capt. Hoke of Company K, 1st Regiment N.C. Volunteers, had thoroughly 
    explored them.  When he gave the assurance of the wood being clear, Capt. Douthatt, with some 
    100 Dragoons pursued.  The company in their haste, threw away hundreds of canteens, 
    haversacks, overcoats, etc.; even the dead were thrown out of the wagons.  
    The pursuit soon became a chase and for the third time the enemy won the race over the New 
    Market course.  The bridge was torn up behind them and our dragoons returned to camp.
    There were not quite 800 of my regiment engaged in the fight and not one half of these drew a 
    trigger during the fight.  All remained manfully at the post assigned them and not a man in the 
    regiment behaved badly.  The companies not engaged were as much exposed and rendered 
    equal service with those participating in the fight.  They deserve equally the thanks of the country.  
    In fact it is the most trying ordeal to which soldiers can be subjected to receive fire which their 
    orders forbid them to return.  Had a single company left their post, our works would have been 
    exposed; and the constancy and discipline of the unengaged companies cannot be too highly 
    A detachment of 15 cadets from the N.C. Military Institute defended the howitzer under Lt. Hudnal 
    and acted with great coolness and determination.
    We learn that the following officers have been elected for the Fifth Regiment:
    Wm. E. Cannady, of Granville as colonel
    Capt. Ihrie, of the Chatham Guards, lt. colonel
    As major, we do not have the name
    Lt. Manning as adjutant
    John Taylor, Esq., has been elected captain of the Chatham Guards, vice Capt. Ihrie promoted
    Lt. Col. Lee, of the First Regiment was elected colonel of this, but declined
    We have heard it stated that Lt. Seaton Gales, of the Raleigh Rifles, has been appointed Adjutant 
    and Sgt. R.C. Badger, of the same company as Commissary of the regiment.  
    Company B, Third Regiment of State Troops, arrived here night before last from Kenansville, 
    Duplin County.  The company is under the command of Captain S.D. Thruston.  The lieutenants 
    John B. Brown, 1st Lt.
    Thomas Cowan, Jr., and George Ward, 2nd lts.
    Wilmington Journal
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, July 8, 1861
    The Sixth Regiment of State Troops, which is partly in Virginia already, is officered as follows:
    Colonel—Charles F. Fisher
    Lt. Colonel—Wm. T. Dortch
    Major—C.E. Lightfoot
    Surgeon—A.M. Nesbitt
    Assistant Surgeon—J.A. Caldwell
    Second Assistant Surgeon—C.A. Henderson
    Adjutant—Houston B. Lowry
    Captain—Samuel S. Kirkland, Company A
    Captain—Robert F. Webb, Company B
    Captain—W.J. Freeland, Company C
    Captain—S. McD. Tate,Company D
    Captain—J.E. Avery, Company E
    Captain—Jas. W. Wilson, Company F
    Captain—Jas. A. Craige, Company G
    Captain—Alfred A. Mitchell, Company H
    Captain—Richard A. York, Company I
    Captain—Jas. A. Lea, Company K
    1st Lt.—J.C. Turner, Company A
    1st Lt.—W.R. Parrish, Company B
    1st Lt.—W.J.H. Durham, Company C
    1st Lt.—D. Cameron Pearson, Company D
    1st Lt.—Alphonse C. Avery, Company E
    1st Lt.—Robert N. Carter, Company F
    1st Lt.—Benjamin b. Smith, Company G
    1st Lt.—Levi H. Walker, Company H
    1st Lt.—M.W. Page, Company I
    1st Lt.—Jos. S. Vincent, Company K
    2nd Lt.—Thomas M. Prince, Company A
    2nd Lt.—Wm. E. McManner, Company B
    2nd Lt.—W.G. Guess, Company C
    2nd Lt.—Neil Ray, Company D
    2nd Lt.—Jas. Burns, Company E
    2nd Lt.—Benjamin F. White, Company F
    2nd Lt.—W.B. Lewis, Company G
    2nd Lt.—Quentin T. Anderson, Company H
    2nd Lt.—W.B. Allen, Company I
    2nd Lt.—Calvin N. Roney, Company K
    2nd Lt.—A.M. Kirkland, Company A
    2nd Lt.—W.P. Mangum, Company B
    2nd Lt.—Evans Turner, Company C
    2nd Lt.—John Carson, Company D
    2nd Lt.—Jno. A. McPherson, Company E
    2nd Lt.—Henry C. Dixon, Company E
    2nd Lt.—J.T. Rasborough, Company G
    2nd Lt.—Jerry A. Lea, Company H
    2nd Lt.—M.B. Barbee, Company I
    2nd Lt.—Samuel J. Crawford
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, July 15, 1861
    The Third Regiment of N.C. Volunteers have left their camp at Suffolk, having been ordered to a 
    position near Smithfield, Va., on Pagan Creek.  They are thus thrown much nearer the enemy.  
    The Fourth, it is thought, will be ordered in a few days to a point in the same section.
    We learn that the Eleventh Regiment, now rendezvousing at Danville, Virginia, elected their officers 
    last week, viz.:  
    W.W. Kirkland, now in command of the camp of instruction here, was elected colonel
    Hon. J.M. Leach, lt. col.
    Mr. Richardson, major
    The Sixth Regiment State Troops, commanded by Col. C.f. Fisher, arrived in this city on Monday 
    en route for Virginia.  Raleigh Standard
     Cumberland Plough Boys
    The following are the officers and privates
    Captain—Jonathan Evans
    Lieutenants—Charles H. Blocker, 1st; J.S. (last name illegible, starts with an ‘E’), 2nd; W.A. King,
    Sergeants:  O.H. Blocker, 1st; J.R. Shaw, 2nd; (first name illegible) Allister (could be McAllister), 
    3rd; J.A. Gainey, 4th
    Corporals:  A. Bain, 1st; J. Gainey, 2nd; W.H. (last name illegible) 3rd; George W. Downing, 4th
    S.C. Autery
    Miles C. Autery
    M.T. (last name illegible)
    G.S. Averitt
    W.D. Averitt
    John Averitt
    William Averitt
    Hiram Averitt
    J.W. Blackman
    John (last name illegible)
    (first name illegible) Bain
    Daniel Bain
    Jesse J. Blauset
    Wm. Brock
    (first name illegible) Brown
    Levi Bryant
    R.H. Bryant
    W.J. Burns
    (first name illegible) Cashwell
    A.C.J. Cashwell
    J.T. Collier
    C.G. (last name illegible)
    (first name illegible) Coare
    Arthur Core
    William B. Colvin
    B.H. (last name illegible)
    C. Culbreth
    J.C. Davis
    William Davis
    L.D. (last name illegible)
    (first name illegible) Downing
    William A. Downing
    D.J. Downing
    J.B. (last name illegible)
    James Edge
    Leonard Edge
    R.P. Freeman
    J.H. (last name illegible)
    B. Fort
    Wiley Fort
    W.H. Gainey
    Leonard (last name illegible, might be Godwin)
    Blackman Godwin
    D.J. Godwin
    Elias Godwin
    (first name illegible) Giles
    E.J. Hollingsworth
    A.J. Hollingsworth
    J.W. Howell(?)
    J.A.W. Hall
    S.W. Hall
    C.K. Hall
    S.H. Johnson or Johnston
    David Johnson
    Hugh Jones
    Malcolm McIntyre
    R.D. Matthews
    John Maxwell
    Alex Melvin
    J.A. Melvin
    (first letter illegible) M. Melvin
    Neill McLelland
    Hector McAllister(?)
    (first name illegible) Page
    W.J. Porter
    John Porter
    Nixon Pope
    G. (last name illegible, ends with ‘lins’)
    Amos Sessoms
    Irvin Sinclair
    G.R. Stancil(?)
    (first name illegible) Strickland
    Hector Strickland
    Irvin Strickland
    (first name illegible) Strickland
    W.B. Suggs
    Richard Salmon
    A (last name illegible, ends with ‘tum’)
    J.M. Thornton
    N.C. Thagard
    Joseph West
    (first name illegible) West
    H.J. Wheeler
    T.C. Williams
    W.R. Warrick
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, July 22, 1861 
    Our Trip to Suffolk and Norfolk—2nd and 4th Regiments
    (Written by the editors of the newspaper)
    The Fourth Regiment of N.C. Volunteers, now stationed at Suffolk, Va., is composed of the
    following companies:
    Company A—Captain W.A. Johnson, Halifax
    Company B—Capt. Willis L. Miller, Dvidson
    Company C—Capt. Smith, Anson
    Company D—Capt. Dixon, Cleveland
    Company E—Capt. G.H. Faribault, Wake
    Company F—Capt. Z.B. Vance, Buncombe
    Company G—Capt. T.T. Slade, Rockingham
    Company H—Capt. Richard Anderson, Stanly
    Company I—Capt. Jesse Hargrave, Davidson
    Company K—Capt. W.H. Harrison, Wake
    The commissioned officers are as follows:
    Colonel, Junius Daniels
    Lt. Colonel, George S. Lovejoy
    Major, Paul F. Faison
    Adjutant, Seaton Gales
    Surgeon, J.W. Hutchings
    Assistant Surgeons, T.H. Wingfield and M.L. Nelson
    Quartermaster, B.F. Lockhart
    Commissary, E.A. Daniel
    Chaplain, Needham Cobb
    Non-commissioned staff:
    Sgt. Major, R.C. Badger
    Commissary Sgt, W.L. Skinner
    Quartermaster, -------- Fortune
    Strength of the regiment is upwards of 900.
    On our recent trip we found this regiment, many of whom we know personally, in excellent 
    health, with the exception of some cases of measles.  The officers are strict, as they should be, 
    but not tyrannical or harsh.  The colonel, lt. colonel and major have all received military 
    educations and the colonel was for three or four years in active service.  They appear to be very 
    well fitted in every respect for their positions. The list of captains, too, is composed of first rate 
    men and soldiers.  Indeed, the men of the 4th have reason to be proud of their officers.
    The 2nd Regiment, stationed near Norfolk, is composed of the following companies: 
    Company A, Capt. B.O. Wade, Warren
    Company B, Capt. George Wortham, Granville
    Company C, Capt. Thomas S. Kenan, Duplin
    Company D, Capt. J. Fulton, Cleveland
    Company E, Capt. B.K. Norment, Robeson
    Company F, Capt. S.H. Whitaker, Halifax
    Company G, Capt. H.E. Coleman, Granville
    Company H, Capt. W.T. Williams, Nash
    Company I, Capt. T.L. Jones, Warren
    Company K, Capt. John Ray, Catawba
    The commissioned officers are as follows:
    Colonel, Solomon Williams
    Lt. Colonel, Edward Cantwell
    Major, Augustus W. Burton
    Adjutant, John C. Pegram
    Quartermaster, William J. Alston
    Commissary, William T. Arrington
    Surgeon, James Johnson
    Assistant Surgeons, P.W. Young and John Miller
    Chaplain, F. Fitzgerald
    Non-commissioned staff:
    Sgt. Major, Thomas J. Foote
    Quartermaster Sergeant, B.F. Powell
    Commissary Sergeant, Samuel T. Williams
    Col. Williams has received a fine military education. There can be no doubt of his superior 
    qualifications for his position.  Col. Cantwell was in service in Mexico and he, with Major 
    Burton, will no doubt ably second and sustain the worthy commander of this regiment in every 
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, July 29, 1861
    Six companies of the 4th Regiment passed through Petersburg on Sunday morning last, viz:
    Captain Simonton’s, Andrew’s, Barnes’, Kelly’s, McNeely’s and Reilley’s (artillery).  Field 
    Officers—Col. George B. Anderson (late U.S. Army), Lt. Col. John A. Young, Major Grimes, 
    Adjutant J.D. Hyman
    3rd Regiment State Troops—Three companies of this regiment passed through Petersburg on the 
    same morning, viz:  Captain Drysdale’s, Sykes’ (from Bladen Co.), and Redd’s.  The others, 
    Captain Mallett’s (of  Fayetteville), Savage’s and Parsley’s (both of Wilmington) had passed 
    through previously and the remainder are expected through this week under Major De Rosset.  
    Field officers:  Col. Gaston Meares, Lt. Col. Robert H. Cowan, Major W.L. DeRosset, Adjutant 
    John Van Bokkelin
    A letter from an officer of Captain Mallett’s company, dated Richmond, July 20, (Saturday), says:  
    “We are greatly indebted to the ladies of Richmond for kindness and attention to our sick, 
    supplying them with nourishing food, mattresses, etc., by with they are made as comfortable as 
    possible.  I am thankful to a kind Providence that thus far I have enjoyed as good health as ever 
    before in  my life.”
    13th Regiment Volunteers:  Col. Hoke’s Regiment left for Virginia last week as follows:
    Ellis Anson Riflemen, Capt. Harlee, Company A
    Carolina Rangers, Capt. Seagle, Company B
    Montgomery Volunteers, Capt. Cochran, Company C
    Pee Dee Gaurds, Capt. Webb, Company D
    Granville Targeteers, Capt. Horne, Company E
    Catawba Guards, Capt. McCorkle, Company F
    Granville Riflemen, Capt. Blacknall, Company G
    Gaston Guards, Capt. Farriss, Company H
    Granville Stars, Capt. Amis, Company I
    Beattie’s Ford Riflemen, Capt. Johnson, Company K
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, August 26, 1861
    14th Regiment N.C.T.
    The 14th Regiment N.C. Volunteers arrived in town last night. It comprises nine full companies, 
    thoroughly armed and equipped, and is altogether one of the finest corps that, as yet, have 
    passed through Petersburg.  Every man, from the highest officer on down, is a soldier and the 
    Old North State’s bravest and best are represented in this regiment.  We understand they have 
    been in camp for some time and have become thoroughly proficient in the science of war.  The 
    following is a list of the field officers and companies of the Regiment.
    Colonel—William J. Clark
    Lt. Colonel—Thomas B. Venable
     Major—Jonathan Evans
    Roxboro’ Grays—Capt. Dillihay
    Onslow Guards—Capt. Duffy
    Highland Boys—Lt. McKeever
    Lone Star Boys—Capt. Lane
    Clayton Yellow Jackets—Capt. Crockett
    Smithfield Light Infantry—Lt. Snead
    Cumberland Plough Boys—Capt. Blocker
    Person Invincibles—Capt. Harris
    Poplar Springs Grays—Capt. Spivey
    Petersburg Express, 19th
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, Sept. 2, 1861
    1st Regiment N.C. Cavalry
    List of Officers
    Colonel—Robert Ransom
    Lt. Colonel—L.S. Baker
    First Major—J.B. Gordon
    Second Major—V.C. Barringer
    Staff Officers
    Adjutant—J.L. Henry
    Quartermaster—Robert Shaw
    Commissary—M.D.L. McLeod
    Sergeant Major:---------
    Company A
    Captain W.H. Cheek
    1st Lt.: -----------
    2nd Lt. Robert Shaw, Quartermaster
    2nd Lt. A.B. Andrews
    Company B
    Captain Thomas Ruffin
    1st Lt. Thomas L. Vail
    2nd Lt. J.H. Bryan
    2nd Lt. W.F. Kornegay
    Company C
    Captain J.H. Whitaker
    1st Lt. W.R. Wood
    2nd Lt. W.R.T. Williams
    2nd Lt. J.W. Peale
    Company D
    Captain W.J. Houston
    1st Lt. Carroll
    2nd Lt. Wells
    2nd Lt. Armstrong
    Company E
    Captain Thomas N. Crumpler
    1st Lt. Cowles
    2nd Lt. Ray
    2nd Lt. Baker
    Company F
    Captain J.M. Miller
    1st Lt. M.D.L. McLeod, Commissary
    2nd Lt. R.H. Maxwell
    2nd Lt. S.P. Caldwell
    Company G
    Captain Rufus Barringer
    1st Lt. Fisher
    2nd Lt. Johnson
    2nd Lt. W.A. Barrier
    Company H
    Captain T.P. Siler
    1st Lt. W.M. Addington
    2nd Lt. Frank Leech
    2nd Lt. W.H. Roane
    Company I
    Captain J.W. Woodfin
    1st Lt. J.L. Henry, Adjutant
    2nd Lt: ---------
    2nd Lt. J.G. Blassingame
    Company K
    Captain J.N. Folk
    1st Lt. J.B. Todd
    2nd Lt. J.M. Council
    2nd Lt. J.C. Blair
    7th Regiment State Troops
    Colonel Reuben P. Campbell
    Lt. Colonel Edward G. Haywood
    Major Edward D. Hall
    Surgeon Wm. Campbell
    Assistant Surgeon Ed White
    Company A
    Captain Junius Leory Hill
    1st Lt. John Gillespie Knox
    2nd Lt. Andrew Adams Hill
    3rd Lt. McImoth Wilson Hill
    From Alexander County
    Company B
    Captain R.P. Young
    1st Lt. S.E. White
    2nd Lt. Solomon Furr
    3rd Lt. John P. Young
    From Cabarrus County
    Company C
    Captain Robert Burns McRae
    1st Lt. David Reid Murchison
    2nd Lt. Thomas Hall McKay
    3rd Lt. Walter Blaney Williams
    From New Hanover County
    Company D
    Captain Wm. Lee Davidson
    1st Lt. John E. Brown
    2nd Lt. William J. Kerr
    3rd Lt. Benjamin H. Davidson
    From Mecklenburg County
    Company E
    Captain Alsey J. Taylor
    1st Lt. Duncan C. Haywood
    2nd Lt. Iredell M. Williams
    3rd Lt. William A. Closs
    From Nash County
    Company F
    Captain J. McLeod Turner
    1st Lt. Wm. H.Crawford
    2nd Lt. Thomas G. Williamson
    3rd Lt. Elon G. Blackmer
    From Rowan County
    Company G
    Captain Hiram Weatherspoon
    1st Lt. Cannady Lowe
    2nd Lt. Wm. M. Lowe
    3rd Lt. Simpson Weatherspoon
    From Wake County
    Company H
    Captain James G. Harris
    1st Lt. Samuel E.W. Pharr
    2nd Lt. John M. Alexander
    From Cabarrus County
    Company I
    Captain James R. McAuley
    1st Lt. William N. Dickey
    2nd Lt. Robert G. McAuley
    3rd Lt. John Y. Templeton
    From Iredell County
    Company K
    Captain Matthew H. Peoples
    1st Lt. Nathan A. Pool
    2nd Lt. Wm. C. Green
    3rd Lt. Jos. C. Miller
    From Alexander County
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, October 7, 1861
    The Lafayette Company
    An election was held by this company (Company F, 1st Regiment N.C.T.) near Yorktown, Va., 
    on Monday last to supply the vacancy occasioned by the promotion of Capt. Starr to Lt. Colonel 
    and such other vacancies as might occur by promotion.  The following is the result, attained with 
    great unanimity.
    Captain—Frank N. Roberts
    1st Lt.—John A. Pemberton
    2nd Lt.—George Sloan
    Jr. 2nd Lt.—Benjamin Rush, Jr.
    The following are the appointments of non-commissioned officers which have been made by 
    Captain Roberts and confirmed by Colonel Lee:
    1st Sergeant—D. McR. O’Hanlon
    2nd Sergeant—James T. Rose
    3rd Sergeant—John N. Prior
    4th Sergeant—D.M. McDonald
    5th Sergeant—John Witmore
    1st Corporal—John McRae
    2nd Corporal—George B. Atkins
    3rd Corporal—Wm. M. Parker
    4th Corporal—J.R. McDonald
    Fayetteville Observer, Monday, October 21, 1861
    Officers of the 8th Regiment N.C.S.T.
    Now Stationed at Roanoke Island
    Colonel H.M. Shaw, Currituck
    Lt. Colonel William J. Price, Wilmington
    Major George Williamson, Caswell
    Adjutant J.B. Cherry, Windsor, Bertie Co.
    Commissary H.G. Yeader, Murfreesboro’
    Quartermaster C.W. Grandy, Norfolk, Va.
    Sergeant Major L.J. Thornton, Wilmington
    Company A
    Captain James H. Hinton, Elizabeth City
    1st Lt. H.A. Bagley, Elizabeth City
    2nd Lt. D.A. Sawyer, Pasquotank
    Junior 2nd Lt. I.T. Spence, Pasquotank
    Company B
    Captain James Whitson, Currituck
    1st Lt. T.J. Jarvis, Currituck
    2nd Lt. B.F. Simmons, Currituck
    Junior 2nd Lt. E.F. Baxter, Currituck
    Company C
    Captain Henry MacRae, Wilmington
    1st Lt. C.H. Benon, Edgecombe
    2nd Lt. T.W. Davis, Franklin
    Junior 2nd Lt. W.L.S. Townshend, Wilmington
    Company D
    Captain A.J. Rogers, Warren
    1st Lt. A. Gregory, Granville
    2nd Lt. R.B. Gilliam, Jr., Granville
    Junior 2nd Lt. J.C. Cooper, Granville
    Company E
    Captain P.A. Kennedy, Salisbury
    1st Lt. W.B. Howerton, Salisbury
    2nd Lt. W.W. Wilhelm, Salisbury
    Junior 2nd Lt. J.J. Bell, Salisbury
    Company F
    Captain Gaston D. Cobb, Alamance
    1st Lt. Julius W. Wright, Wilmington
    2nd Lt. ------------
    Junior 2nd Lt. S.M. Butler, Elizabeth City
    Company G
    Captain R.A. Banier, Cabarrus
    1st Lt. J.N. Files, Cabarrus
    2nd Lt. Jonas Cook, Cabarrus
    Junior 2nd Lt. H.C. McAlister, Gaston
    Company H
    Captain E.C. Yellowly, Pitt
    1st Lt. J.A. Hines, Pitt
    2nd Lt. Charles Rountree, Pitt
    Junior 2nd Lt. W.N. Peebles, Pitt
    Company I
    Captain J.M. Williams, Fayetteville
    1st Lt. J.R. Murchison, Cumberland
    2nd Lt. K.M. Murchison, Fayetteville
    Junior 2nd Lt. N.G. Monroe, Cumberland
    Company K
    Captain Charles Jones, Warren
    1st Lt. W.M. Walker, Wilmington
    2nd Lt. A. Alston, Warren

    Transcribed by Christine Spencer, April-November 2007

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