Julian Edward Wood

Contributed by: Diane Siniard

Julian Edward Wood (1844-1911), was a founder of Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity.

Wood was the son of William Edward Wood and Sophia Marchant (Trotman) Wood and was born 
May 3, 1844 in Currituck County, North Carolina, not far from the site of the ill-fated Raleigh colony 
on Roanoke Island. His father, a practicing physician, later lived at Hampton, Virginia and in 
Norfolk, Virginia. At Hampton, his home was the site of the present Hampton Institute (now 
Hampton University). Most of the son's early life was therefore spent around Hampton Roads, 

When still of high school age, he volunteered for service in the Confederate Army at the outbreak 
of the Civil War. He was assigned to drilling troops from his native eastern North Carolina as early 
as June 1861, and he spent the rest of that year as a drill master; letters to his family portray an 
eagerness to see military action.

Because his father insisted that he further his education Wood entered V.M.I. on January 9, 1862, 
from Hickory Groves, Norfolk County, Virginia. His father's occupation was listed as "farming". His 
cadetship extended over a period of two years and ten months at V.M.I. and he earned the 
sobriquet Ajax because of his size and prowess. Wood however was not a model student and 
was suspended in January, 1864 for being absent from barracks after taps. He was reinstated the 
following month by the V.M.I. Board of Visitors.

Wood served as a corporal in Company C in the V.M.I. Cadet Corps which was ordered in May 
1864 to join the Confederate Army of Major General John C. Breckinridge, who was attempting to 
stop a Union advance up the Shenandoah Valley. At [[New Market, Virginia]] on May 14, 1864, a 
rainy Sunday afternoon, a corps of 247 teenage V.M.I. cadets, with no battle experience, held a 
sector of Confederate front lines against an assault by seasoned Federal troops headed by Major 
General Franz Sigel. The esprit among the V.M.I. cadets enabled them to turn what might have 
been a defeat for Breckinridge into an astounding victory, now known as the Battle of New Market. 
In this battle Wood was "on the colors," or urging the cadet colors onward. Actually the flag 
"urged forward" was not the Confederate flag but the V.M.I. Cadet flag. Federal troops seeing it 
are reported to have assumed that troops of a foreign nation had joined forces with Breckinridge's 

In 1867, Wood entered the University of Virginia to study medicine. His interest in that profession 
was no doubt stimulated by his father's distinguished career as a medical doctor; moreover, one 
of Wood's best friends in the Confederate Army had been his superior officer, Captain Whitson, 
who had been a professor of medicine in Washington, D.C. prior to the war.

While stayed at the University of Virginia two years, then finished his M.D. degree at Baltimore 
Medical College in 1869. At the completion of his education, he practiced medicine in Elizabeth 
City, North Carolina. He married Mary Scott (b. 1846) and they had two children, a son William E. 
Wood (b. 1880) and a daughter Annie M. Wood (b. 1876). Wood continued his interest in the 
military: he was connected with the North Carolina state militia and attained the rank of colonel.
Wood died on June 2, 1911 after a severe illness from the preceding year. Wood is buried among
the maples in the Old Hollywood cemetery of his adopted home, Elizabeth City, North Carolina.

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