Robert Daniel Johnston

Contributed by: Diane Siniard

Name: Robert Daniel Johnston 
State Served: North Carolina 
Highest Rank: Brig-Gen 
Birth Date: 1837 
Death Date: 1919 
Birth Place: Lincoln County, North Carolina 
Army: Confederacy 
Promotions: Promoted to Full Captain (Co. K 23rd NC Inf) 
Promoted to Full Lt Colonel ((est day)) 
Promoted to Full Brig-Gen


Biography: Brigadier-General Robert D. Johnston, of North Carolina, at the time 
of the secession of his State, was second lieutenant in the Beattie's Ford rifles, 
State troops. He entered the Confederate service as captain of Company K, Twenty-third 
North Carolina infantry, July 15, 1861. His regiment was on the peninsula during 1861 
and the spring of 1862, and participated in the battle of Williamsburg. On May 21, 1862, 
he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant- colonel. He was wounded at Seven Pines while 
gallantly leading his men, and at South Mountain and Sharpsburg fought with conspicuous 
bravery in Garland's brigade. In describing the fighting on his part of the field near 
the center of the Confederate line at Sharpsburg, Gen. D. H. Hill reported the fact that 
the Twenty-third North Carolina was brought off by "the gallant Lieutenant-Colonel Johnston" 
and put in position in the sunken road, and he especially commended Johnston among the officers 
distinguished on that bloody field. At Chancellorsville, when Major Rowe, leading the Twelfth 
North Carolina, was killed, Lieutenant-Colonel Johnston took command of that regiment. This 
regiment and the Twenty-third were both in Rodes' gallant division, which was in the front of 
Jackson's brilliant flank attack. In this battle the North Carolinians under Johnston captured 
a stand of the enemy's colors. After Gettysburg Johnston was promoted to the rank of brigadier-
general, to date September 1, 1863, and assigned to the command of his brigade, formerly led by 
Samuel Garland and D. K. McRae. It was composed of the Fifth, Twelfth, Twentieth and Twenty-third 
regiments and Second battalion of North Carolina infantry. This command fought under its gallant 
leader in the battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania, at which latter battle General Johnston 
received a severe wound. He was again in command during the valley campaign under Early, participating 
in the series of severe battles which ended with that of Cedar Creek, a victory in the morning, 
a defeat in the afternoon. He was with his men in the subsequent weary winter, watching and 
fighting in the trenches around Petersburg, and was included in the surrender at Appomattox. 
After the close of hostilities General Johnston practiced law at Charlotte for twenty years 
from 1867 as a partner of Col. H. C. Jones. 
Source: Confederate Military History, vol. V, p. 320 

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